VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant Research & Biotechnology
(Society For Plant Research)

Research Articles

A SOCIETY FOR PLANT RESEARCH PUBLICATION


Volume: 32, Issue: 3, September 2019


Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Page Visits: 40

Doi: 10.1007/s42535-019-00045-0
Doi Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42535-019-00045-0
First Page: 281
Last Page: 287
Published: 06 August, 2019

Characterisation of carrageenan extracted from fresh and defatted red algae along the Pamban coast, Tamilnadu, India


Abstract:

Studies carried out to breakdown the yield and Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectral properties of polysaccharide from Corallina elongata (J.Ellis & Solander), Liagora mannarensis (V.Krishnamurthy & Sundararajan) and Portieria hornemannii (Lyngbye). Carrageenan yield in the range of 16.4 to 24.2% in fresh algae than 14.2 to 23.8% defatted algae was recorded. Spent biomass in the range of 62.0 to 72.0% in fresh algae than 61.2–70.4% defatted algae was recorded. Total sugar, reducing sugar and sulphate were maximum in P. hornemannii (Lyngbye) and minimum in C. elongata (J.Ellis & Solander) having fresh algae carrageenan compared to the defatted algae carrageenan. FTIR spectroscopy study shows that the carrageenan extracted from fresh and defatted C. elongata (J.Ellis & Solander) have both kappa and iota type carrageenan. Fresh and defatted carrageenan from L. mannarensis (V.Krishnamurthy & Sundararajan) and P. hornemannii (Lyngbye) have kappa, lamda and iota type carrageenan.

Vegetos

Keywords:


Red algae, Carrageenan, Kappa, Lamda, Iota


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Acknowledgements :




Author Information:



Poonam Chidambaram
Marine Algae Research Division, Post Graduate and Research Department of Botany, Alagappa Government Arts and Science College (Alagappa University), Karaikudi, India

Archanadevi Jeyprakash
Marine Algae Research Division, Post Graduate and Research Department of Botany, Alagappa Government Arts and Science College (Alagappa University), Karaikudi, India


Pothiraj Chinnathambi
Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Melur, India

poonambiotek@gmail.com




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