VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant Research & Biotechnology
(Society For Plant Research)

Research Articles

A SOCIETY FOR PLANT RESEARCH PUBLICATION


Volume: 32, Issue: 3, September 2019


Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Page Visits: 30

Doi: 10.1007/s42535-019-00037-0
Doi Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42535-019-00037-0
First Page: 407
Last Page: 419
Published: 01 July, 2019

Assessment of genetic diversity of upland rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes from North Eastern Hill Region of India


Abstract:

Genetic diversity among 30 upland rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.) was evaluated using morphological and SSR markers. Roger’s distance was calculated for all the data sets as a measure of genetic distance between accessions. The distance matrices were used to generate a dendrogram based on the UPGMA method. The minimum genetic distance based on morphological marker was 0.04 which was found between Megha Rice-1 and Megha Rice-2. The maximum genetic distance was 0.75 observed between Aizawng New and Majinlu, Aizawng New and Mima-Mitong-Jang, Mibisa and Chakhao Poireiton, Chakhao Poireiton and Vepvu Tsuk with an average of 0.395. The number of alleles per SSR marker varied from 2 to 8, with an average number of 4.286 alleles per locus. Polymorphism information content (PIC) values ranged from 0.062 to 0.799 per locus with an average of 0.425. The minimum and maximum genetic distances based on Roger’s distance, were found to be 0.00 (Bhalum-1 and Bhalum-2) and 0.84 (Aizawng New and Mibisa), respectively. In cluster analysis, morphological and molecular marker-based genetic distance grouped the local landraces together with the improved lines and Gene Bank lines. Correlation analysis between morphological data and molecular data revealed a very poor association (r = 0.051 at p = 0.271). The diverse genotypes revealed from morphological-based dendrogram were the following pairs viz., Aizawng New and Majinlu, Aizawng New and Mima-Mitong-Jang, Mibisa and Chakhao Poireiton, Chakhao Poireiton and Vepvu Tsuk, Buh Pui (Tuirel) and Chakhao Poireiton, Marow and Chakhao Poireiton, Kba Tlang and Majinlu, Lokhumo (Tall) and Chakhao Poireiton. While Aizawng New and Mibisa, IC 583129 and Mibisa, Bhalum-1 and Mibisa, Bhalum-2 and Mibisa, Marow and Mibisa pairs were identified as the diverse genotypes based on molecular dendrogram which may be used as parent for hybridization during further rice improvement.

Vegetos

Keywords:


Rice, SSR markers, North Eastern Hills Region


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Acknowledgements :




Author Information:



Paharasainiing Syiemlieh
School of Crop Improvement, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam, India

S. K. Noren
School of Crop Improvement, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam, India
norensingh27@gmail.com

V. K. Khanna
School of Crop Improvement, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam, India

Mayank Rai
School of Crop Improvement, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam, India

N. T. Meetei
School of Crop Improvement, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences (Central Agricultural University, Imphal), Umiam, India

A. Pattanayak
ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, India




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