VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant Research & Biotechnology
(Society For Plant Research)

Research Articles

A SOCIETY FOR PLANT RESEARCH PUBLICATION


Volume: 32, Issue: 2, June 2019


Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Page Visits: 61

Doi: 10.1007/s42535-019-00024-5
Doi Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42535-019-00024-5
First Page: 209
Last Page: 215
Published: 29 April, 2019

Trichoderma asperellum increases crop yield and fruit weight of blackberry (Rubus glaucus) under subtropical Andean conditions


Abstract:

Mora de Castilla (Rubus glaucus, Benth), also called blackberry, is grown mainly in Colombia and Ecuador. This fruit crop is of economic importance for farmers in the Province of Tungurahua (Ecuador). In this field research, the effect of Trichoderma asperellum (1.53 × 109 CFU/g) inoculation was assessed on crop yield and fruit weight at three production sites (Huachi Grande, Píllaro and Tisaleo in Ecuador). Factorial experiments were conducted consisting of treatments of 0.18 g of a commercial product per plant and a second uninoculated treatment). The product was applied eight times per month and the weekly fruit harvest recorded in each of the eight applications. The inoculation of T. asperellum had a significant effect on crop yield and fruit weight: yield was greatest in Tisaleo (5350 g/plant) with T. asperellum treatment, which was increased by 17% over the uninoculated witness (4447 g/plant). Fruit weight in Píllaro was improved from 5.36 g/fruit for the uninoculated control to 6.04 g/fruit (12.6%). Additionally, the organic matter (OM) content was correlated with the fungal population in the soil. Tisaleo had the highest OM (4%) and the highest yield in this study. In conclusion, the inoculation of T. asperellum in the soil positively affected crop productivity.

Vegetos

Keywords:


Berries, Fungus, Inoculation, Productivity, Soil


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Acknowledgements :



The authors thank the Project “Biocontrol systems for sustainable agriculture, Ecuador” funded by MFAT-New Zealand for the support of this research. Thanks to Dr. H.R. Kutcher from the University of Saskatchewan for editing the manuscript.


Author Information:



William Viera
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Quito, Ecuador

Michelle Noboa
Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura, Quito, Ecuador
noboamichelle@gmail.com

Aníbal Martínez
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Quito, Ecuador

Francisco Báez
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Quito, Ecuador

Rosendo Jácome
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Quito, Ecuador

Lorena Medina
Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura, Quito, Ecuador

Trevor Jackson
AgResearch, Christchurch, New Zealand




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