Medicinal Wetland Flora of Gorakhpur
Department of Botany, Mahatma Gandhi Post Graduate College, Gorakhpur-273 001, (U.P.).
The paper deals with medicinal diversity of Angiosperms in wetlands of Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh. In this region, the wetlands are commonly called as ‘Tals’ or ‘Pokharas’ i.e. a true natural wetlands. The prominent wetlands of the district include Ramgarh Tal, Chilwa Tal, Mahesra Tal and Mansarovar Pokhra. Field observation and other literature studies have indicated that Gorakhpur district has 57 medicinally important species belonging to 49 genera and 31 families of angiosperms. Some important medicinal plants are Bacopa monnieri, Centella asiatica, Eclipta prostrata, Ipomoea aquatica and Sphaeranthus indicus etc.. Botanical names, local names, family, flowering and fruiting periods and medicinal uses of 57 species are provided in this paper.