Ginger - A Wonderful Spice: An Overview
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Directorate of Research, Main Campus, Chatha, Jammu–180 009, J&K State.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) is the underground stem of the herbaceous tropical plant grown as annual. The various names include Adrak (Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu);Aradraka (Sanskrit, Kannada); Ada (Bengali, Oriya); Adu (Gujrati); Inchi (Malayalam); Ale (Marathi); Inji (Tamil), Allamu, Sonthi (Telgu). It was cultivated in the world in an area of about 321,732 ha with 835,173 Mt production during 2001. India contributes to about 36.5% of the world ginger with production as 275,000 Mt during 2001 from an area of about 80,000 ha. The productivity is around 3,379kg/ha. India continues to be the largest producer of ginger in the world and has an established trade since middle ages. During 2002–03, the ginger production in India was 276,970 Mt from an area of about 88,200 ha. During 2004–05, the export of ginger oil was 16.30 tonnes and that of ginger oleoresin as 116.50 tonnes with value as 80.10 and 132.61 million rupees, Nigeria, Indonesia, Thailand, Taiwan and Australia. Indian ginger is exported to USA, UK, Netherlands and Canada. However, Jamaica and India produce the best quality ginger in the world. Ginger is grown in almost all the states in India but Kerala produces around 50 of dried ginger while Meghalaya around 49 thousand tonnes annually. Both states contribute about 70% of the total ginger production in India. The other ginger growing states include Arunachal Pradesh, Orissa,.Mizoram, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Assam, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.