Phytochemical Screening and Therapeutic Profiling of Madhuca indica J.F. Gmel
Verma Karuna S, Saxena Neerja, Sinha Rajshree, Agarwal Abha
Aeroallergens and Immunology Laboratory, Department of PG Studies and Research in Biological Sciences, Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur–482 001, (MP).
Aqueous, ether, acetone and methanolic extracts of fresh flowers and fruits of Madhuca indica were used for phytochemical screening. In the present study eight principle bioactive compounds were investigated. Out of all, carbohydrates, proteins, flavanoids and tannins were found to be positive in all four extracts while alkaloids were positive in aqueous and ether extract, saponins were positive only in methanolic extract. Sterol is positive in ether, acetone and methanol extract where as lipid was found to be positive in aqueous, ether and methanolic extracts. Flowers of Madhuca indica showed antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis and Klebsiella pneumonia. Aqueous and methanolic extract of flowers were used. Aqueous extract showed more activity than methanolic extract for both bacteria.