Mycobiota in Camel Fodder and Natural Occurrence of Aflatoxins in Saudi Arabia
Almogren Huda-Mogren A.*, Mahmoud Abeer-Hashem A., Elgorban Abdallah M.1
Botany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
1Center of Excellence in Biotechnology Research, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this study was to deter-mine the contamination of aflatoxigenic fungi in camel fodder. The results indicated that the fun-gi detected were almost the same but differed in the percentage of incidence. Alternaria alternata, A. solani, A. tennius, Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, A. ochraceoroseus, A. oryzae, A. parasiticus, A. japonicus, A. carbonarius, Fusarium solani, F. ox-ysporum, F. semitectum, F. ventricosum, Helmin-thosporium sativum, H. Carbonum, Mucor ja-vanicus, Phoma herbarum, Rhizopus oryzae, Rhi-zopus japonicas, Trichoderma harzianum, Peni-cillium funiculosum and R. solani were isolated from different camel fodder. A highest amount of aflatoxins were obtained in Rhodes grass (15.577μg/100g) followed by compound feed (6.687μg/100g) and barley (5.453μg/100g). Twenty nine aflatoxigenic fungi isolated fodder, most isolates were capable of producing detect-able levels of some types AFs. The highest amount of total AFs (5.904μg/100ml) was recov-ered from a culture of A. parasiticus (isolate 3-T6) followed by (5.244μg/100ml) was obtained from A. flavus (isolate 20-R5).