Dependence of Soil Organic Carbon on available Iron and Manganese Concentrations in Submerged Rice Soils
Prakash D*, Benbi DK, Saroa GS
Department of Soil Science, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141 004, Punjab, India
*Corresponding author: Department of Soil Science, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141 004, Punjab, India, Tel: +91 161 240 1960; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Effect of soil submergence on changes in soil organic C (SOC) and DTPA-extractable Fe and Mn and their interrelationship was studied in three texturally-different soils viz. loamy sand, clay loam and silty clay traditionally grown to rice-wheat system. Laboratory incubation experiments were conducted for 120 d under controlled temperature and moisture conditions. Soil organic C increased with incubation period up to 30–45 d and declined sharply thereafter.
Similarly, concentration of DTPA-Fe was highest at 30 d and decreased sharply thereafter. However, DTPA-Mn concentration was the highest at 15 and 30 d of incubation, under submerged and field capacity moisture regimes, respectively. Soils incubated under submerged conditions exhibited higher SOC, DTPA-Fe, and DTPA-Mn than those incubated at field capacity moisture. In all the three soils under submerged conditions SOC, DTPA-Fe and Mn were higher at 40°C followed by 30°C and 20°C temperature. Irrespective of soil and incubation temperature, values of these variables did not change with incubation of air dry soil. The concentration of DTPA- Fe and Mn showed positive relationship with SOC concentration at submerged and field capacity moisture regimes. Increase in SOC with submergence was considered to be due to an increase in DTPA-Fe and Mn suggesting the need for using some chelating agents to remove their interference in SOC determination by wet digestion method.