Towards Development of Hybrid Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius L.) using Chemical Hybridizing AgentInsight into Agro Morphological and Reproductive Response
Sharma HK*, Kumar AA, Choudhary SB, Satya P, Maruthi RT, Karmakar PG
Crop Improvement Division, ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Barrack pore, Kolkata-700120, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding author: Hariom Kumar Sharma, Crop Improvement Division, ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Barrackpore, Kolkata-700120, West Bengal, India, E-mail: email@example.com
Three male gametocides (maleic hydrazide, benzotriazole, surf excel detergent) were tested on tossa jute cv. JRO-204 for induction of male sterility in randomized block design with three replications. Effect of different treatments was assessed on different plant parts including morphological traits (seed yield and attributing traits) and reproductive parts (anther and stigma). Phytotoxic effects associated with different male gametocides were observed on different vegetative and reproductive parts. Visual toxic effects included stunted growth, leaf burning, delayed flower initiation and deformity of flower buds. Amongst different treatment maleic hydrazide induce more sterility with less phytotoxic effects on jute plant.