Agronomic and Economic Performance of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) under Farmyard Manure and Inorganic Fertilization in the Mid-Lands of North Ethiopia
Tesfay Teklay1,*, Adamu Chigign2, Girmay Selamawit3, Welu Takele1, Birhane Abadi1
1Department of Plant Sciences, Aksum University Shire Campus, Shire, Ethiopia
2Department of Plant sciences, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
3Department of Agricultural Economics, Aksum University Shire Campus, Shire, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author: Teklay Tesfay Bezabih, Department of plant sciences, College of Agriculture, Aksum University Shire Campus, P. O. BOX: 314, Ethiopia, Tel: +251 914 780666; E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Although wheat cultivation in practiced in the humid highlands of Ethiopia, this experiment was conducted to evaluate the agronomic and economic performance of wheat under the different levels of mineral and organic fertilization in the midlands of North Ethiopia during the main rainy season. Highest wheat growth, yield and yield components was recorded when wheat was cultivated under 150 kg/ha mineral fertilizer (DAP and urea) along with 12 ton/ha of farm yard manure. Particularly, grain yield was more than seven times higher when wheat was cultivated under 150 kg/ha mineral and 12 ton/ha farmyard manure fertilization compared to wheat cultivated with no farmyard manure and/or mineral fertilizer application. Though the wheat cultivated under 150 kg/ha mineral fertilization together with 12 ton/ha farmyard manure seemed to be superior; according to the economic analysis, 50 kg/ha of mineral fertilizer together with 12 ton/ha of farmyard manure fertilizer application was agronomically suitable and economically profitable.