Studying of Plants Populations in the Conditions of Industrial Pollution in the Neighborhood of the Cities of the Karaganda Region
Konkabayeva A*, Ishmuratova M, Aitkulov A, Tykezhanova G, Nugumanova S, Turlybekova G, Shorin S
E.A. Buketov Karaganda State University, Karaganda, Republic of Kazakhstan
*Corresponding author: Konkabayeva A, E.A. Buketov Karaganda State University, Universitetskaya Str., 28, 100028, Karaganda, Republic of Kazakhstan, Tel: +7 7212 441592; E-mail: email@example.com
In the article the results of studying of structure of plant populations are given in the neighborhood of the industrial cities of Temirtau, Balkhash, Zhezkazgan and in adjacent territories.
Field researches were conducted route-recognostic and semiportable methods. For each vegetable community established full floristic structure, determined phases of phenological development of separate species, their vital state, abundance (by a scale of Drudae), placement, morphometric parameters (height, development). Population density was estimated on the basis of data on a projective covering of vegetation. The age structure of communities we studied with application of methodological recommendations of R. Rabotnov. Reference of plants to this or that age state-based on a complex of qualitative morphological features the fresh and herbarizated plants.
It has defined that round the industrial cities there is a loss long-term long vegetative elements, the share the ruderal grassy one-year elements increases.
The carried-out analysis of a ratio a bio morph showed considerable changes and in the ratio trees, bushes, semi-low shrubs, grassy perennials and annual and biennial plants.