Sustainable Agriculture for Sustaining Mankind – A Review of International Literature
Lamba Shubham*, Phogat V K, Kumar Neeraj1
Department of Soil Science, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, 125004, India
1Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, 125004, India
*Corresponding author: Shubham Lamba, Department of Soil Science, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, 125004, India, Email: email@example.com
The requirement of land for urban development is increasing whereas for agriculture, forests and grazing, land availability is shrinking. Population rise also resulted in increasing pollution, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, uncontrolled resources consumption and exploitation. Food prices are increasing, fuel, transportation and processing costs are also increasing. Soils are declining in nutrient content, desertification is occurring rapidly in dry land areas. Eroding soils, increasing resistance in insects and pests, agro-chemical pollution and persistence, decreasing yields and poverty clearly indicated that conventional agriculture is no longer suitable to meet current demands of increasing population without causing adverse effects to the environment and exploiting the resources. Keeping present scenario into consideration an alternative system of agriculture must be adopted that integrates social, biological, economical, environmental, and developmental aspects in a comprehensive manner that could develop a new farming practice. A farming practice that should not be based solely on productivity and profit rather based on principles of sustainability. All the above stated considerations to achieve sustainability in agriculture production system are carefully studied in various national and international literatures and reviewed in the present article which will give the comprehensive idea regarding the present scenario of Indian agriculture and what needs to be done for sustainable agriculture.