VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant Research & Biotechnology
(Society For Plant Research)

Research Articles


Volume: 34, Issue: 2, June 2021

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email:
Views: 254

Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00210-4
Doi Link:
First Page: 368
Last Page: 382
Published: 07 April, 2021

Structure and energy efficiency of Agroforestry systems practiced by tribal community in Central Himalayas


In present study, profitability of the prevailing different agricultural land use systems cultivated by Tharu tribal community of Uttarakhand was studied. Total five different land use systems i.e., sole cropping system (SCS), silviculture system (SS), agrisilviculture system (ASS), agrihorticulture system (AHS) and homegarden system (HS) were selected to analyse agroecosystem of the tribal community of Central Himalaya. Total 70 plants belonging to 35 families were listed across the studied systems. The tree density ranged between 60 individuals ha−1 (HS) and 666 individuals ha−1 (ASS) and tree biomass from 33.51 ha−1 (ASS) to 463.54 t ha−1 (SS). Carbon stock followed the trend of biomass in different land use systems. Herb density varied in between 4.2 (AHS) and 150.3 individuals m−2 (SS) among the different land use systems. The energy output input ratio along with the monetary budget was recorded maximum for AHS and minimum for SS. Hence, we concluded from the present study that AHS is most beneficial system, providing a good source of energy and income therefore, particularly important for Tharu tribal community.



Land use systems, Agroforestry, Biomass, Energy budget, Monetary budget


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Acknowledgements :

Authors are thankful to the Head Department of Botany, D.S.B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, for providing necessary facilities. We are thankful to the editor and all the anonymous reviewers for their valuables suggestions and modifications to enhance the quality of the paper.

Author Information:

Vandana Bisht
Department of Botany, D.S.B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, India

S. S. Bargali
Department of Botany, D.S.B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, India Kiran Bargali
Department of Botany, D.S.B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, India

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