Chemotyping of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) seedlings defense in response to Thielaviopsis ethacetica infection

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Research Articles | Published:

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Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
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Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00520-1
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Keywords: Oil palm, n T. ethacetican , Fatty acids, Steroidal compounds and organic acids


Abstract


One of the major diseases associated with the early stages of development of the oil palm is the Thielaviopsis diseases caused by the genus Thielaviopsis. This study was carried out in order to provide insight into the mechanism of interaction between the T. ethacetica and the oil palm. The plant metabolomics approach using the Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC–MS) was used to chemotype the experimental oil palm seedlings and the control oil palm seedling. GC–MS analyses of the macerated centre spear of the treated and untreated oil palms fronds using n-hexane showed that the fatty acids, steroidal compounds and organic acids were more diverse in the experimental oil palm seedlings compared to the control oil palm. Principal component analysis showed that the pathogen accounted for the diversity of the identified compounds. The abundance of biosynthesized fatty acids and steroidal compounds in the untreated oil palms indicated their role in the oil palm defense mechanism thus also suggesting their possibilities as biomarkers for the early detection of T. ethacetica in the oil palm. The application of NPKMg for soil nutrient enhancement and water facilitated the reversal of the symptoms of T. ethaeica on the oil palm seedlings.


Oil palm, n              T. ethacetican            , Fatty acids, Steroidal compounds and organic acids


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Acknowledgements


The authors are grateful to OKOMU Plc. for providing funds for this research work.


Author Information


Esiegbuya D. O.
Pathology Division, Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR), Benin City, Nigeria
esiegbuya@gmail.com
Ghansah B.
Okomu-Udo, Ovia South West L.G.A, Benin City, Nigeria


Ojieabu A.
Pathology Division, Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR), Benin City, Nigeria


Omoregie K.
Pathology Division, Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR), Benin City, Nigeria

Adeh S. A.
Statistics Division, Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR), Benin City, Nigeria