Soil quality, carbon stock and climate change mitigation potential of Dipterocarp natural and planted forests of Tripura, Northeast India

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Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00515-y
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Keywords: Carbon capture, Climate change, Ecosystem carbon pool, Environmental sustainability, Tree biodiversity


Abstract


Stand structure of trees is proportionally related to biomass and carbon stock production of an ecosystem. Dipterocarp (D. turbinatus Gaertn.) dominated natural forest can significantly improve the soil quality and capture carbon (C) to mitigate the climate change. The study compared soil quality, carbon stock and climate change mitigation potential of two dipteocarp dominated forest sites contrasting in management in the state of Tripura, northeast India. Stand characteristics such as tree density, basal area, diameter of breast height was measured by laying eight 31.62 m × 31.62 m quadrats. Estimation of tree biomass was carried out using the locally developed allometric equation. Nineteen tree species were recorded from the Dipterocarp dominated natural forest (DNF) while the Dipterocarp planted forest (DPF) contained six tree species. Tree density (individual ha− 1) and basal area of individuals trees (m2 ha− 1) were 590 ± 15.27, 0.103–3.061 ± 0.02 and 470 ± 6.9, 0.121–3.857 ± 0.03 in DNF and DPF, respectively. Aboveground biomass carbon (AGBC) was significantly (P = 0.092) higher in DPF than DNF and the former had higher basal area than the latter. Soil organic carbon (SOC) stock was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in DNF than DPF. The DPF was found storing more C in its ecosystem than DNF. However, DPF had poor soil quality in terms of low moisture availability and organic carbon deposition than DNF. Both these forest ecosystems are under tremendous anthropogenic stresses as a result population of Dipterocarp plant is declining day by day. The study recommended plantation of mixed species along with Dipterocarp not only to capture more C but also to improve the ecosystem and soil health vital for mitigating climate change.


Carbon capture, Climate change, Ecosystem carbon pool, Environmental sustainability, Tree biodiversity


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Acknowledgements


This study was financially supported by Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, New Delhi, India (Grant No. DST/MRDP/190/2019). The authors are thankful to the Department of Forest, Environment and Climate Change, Government of Tripura for help during the field visit.


Author Information


Das Sujit
Department of Forestry and Biodiversity, Tripura University, Suryamaninagar, India
sujit.foresry@tripurauniv.in
Nama Abhijit
Department of Forestry and Biodiversity, Tripura University, Suryamaninagar, India
abhijitsbs5@gmail.com

Deb Sourabh
Department of Forestry and Biodiversity, Tripura University, Suryamaninagar, India

drsourabhdeb@gmail.com
Sahoo Uttam Kumar
Department of Forestry, Mizoram University, Aizawl, India

uttams64@gmail.com