Carbon stock and pool assessment in tropical and subtropical bamboo brakes of Arunachal Pradesh, India

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00436-w
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Keywords: Biomass, Carbon sequestration, n Chimonobambusa callosan , n Dendrocalamus hamiltoniin , Soil carbon


Abstract


Bamboo bearing fast-growing nature increases its biomass accumulation rate making it a potential species to sequester and store carbon. Carbon stock estimation in bamboo forests can aid in evaluating the carbon sequestration capacity of bamboo species and their role in mitigating CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Present study was conducted in Arunachal Pradesh to assess the amount of carbon sequestered by Dendrocalamus hamiltonii—a sympodial tropical and Chimonobambusa callosa—a monopodial subtropical bamboo species. Total standing biomass of 247.75 ± 78.84 Mg ha−1 and 46.02 ± 16.50 Mg ha−1 were recorded for D. hamiltonii and C. callosa, respectively. Total carbon stored in the standing crop of D. hamiltonii was 105.34 ± 36.27 Mg ha−1 while in C. callosa the value was 20.02 ± 7.13 Mg ha−1. Higher rate of carbon capture and carbon pool in the growing stock of D. hamiltonii forests in the tropical zone may be attributed to the differences in size of the poles, type of rhizomes, density along with edaphic and climatic conditions. Interestingly, the soil carbon pool was significantly higher in C. callosa forest in the subtropical belt than that of D. hamiltonii forest in the tropical belt with 90.51 ± 12.03 Mg ha−1 and 42.27 ± 4.24 Mg ha−1 carbon, respectively. Soil carbon pool followed a decreasing trend with increasing soil depth. A significant variations of carbon sequestration capacity was observed between the species. In vegetation pool, higher carbon sequestration capacity was recorded in D. hamiltonii forest while in soil pool, the value was higher in C. callosa forest.


Biomass, Carbon sequestration, n              Chimonobambusa callosan            , n              Dendrocalamus hamiltoniin            , Soil carbon


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Acknowledgements


Authors are thankful to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India for financial assistance in the form of National Fellowship and Scholarship for Higher Education of ST Students. We are thankful to the Director, NERIST and Head of the Department of Forestry, NERIST for the necessary laboratory facilities. Authors are also thankful to the Department of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of Arunachal Pradesh for providing permission for field study. The assistance provided by Mr. Bijit Basumatary and Forest Officials of West Kameng and Papum Pare district is thankfully acknowledged.


Author Information


Kashung Yakhari
Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University, Nirjuli, India
kyakhari@gmail.com
Gap Neelam
Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University, Nirjuli, India


Debbarma Daniel
Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University, Nirjuli, India


Das Biswajit
Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University, Nirjuli, India


Paul Ashish
Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University, Nirjuli, India

Singha Lal Bihari
Department of Life Sciences (Botany), Manipur University, Canchipur, India

Tripathi Om Prakash
Department of Environmental Science, Mizoram University, Aizawl, India