Comparative evaluation of physico-chemical response of tomato varieties under hydroponic technique vs soil cultivation in natural ventilated greenhouse at trans-Himalayan India

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00443-x
First Page: 825
Last Page: 832
Views: 600


Keywords: High altitude, Mineral nutrient, NFT hydroponics system, Tomato, TSS


Abstract


The present study investigated the growth response, yield and nutritional quality of tomato varieties viz. Roma, Tolstoi and Russian yellow grown in circulated nutrient film technique (NFT) hydroponic systems and soil condition at high altitude condition. Both the experiments were carried out in double layer polycarbonate greenhouse condition with open window to maintain favorable atmosphere. Tomato varieties under NFT system exhibited significant improvement in plant height (cm), number of leaf and fruit/plant, fruit fresh weight (g), fruit diameter (mm) and yield compared to soil condition. It was found that 70–80% water was saved in NFT systems compared to soil condition during tomato production. Mineral nutrient contents like Cu, Mn, Mg, Zn and Fe in fresh fruit of tomato grown in hydroponic systems were found higher than soil condition. Total soluble solid (Brix) was found similar in hydroponics and soil condition. Anthocyanin and chlorophyll in tomato leaf were found high in NFT compared to soil condition. From the various aspect of comparative study it was found that NFT system of hydroponics performed better than field grown tomato with respect to shorter harvesting period, higher productivity and quality production of tomato varieties. Since NFT system requires less space and water, this system may be promoted in extreme climatic condition and urban area as an alternative to conventional farming. This research surely opens the avenue of hydroponics technique to increase the income of farmers to promote sustainable development.


High altitude, Mineral nutrient, NFT hydroponics system, Tomato, TSS


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Acknowledgements


This work was supported by Agriculture Research Unit, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR)-DRDO, Leh.


Author Information


Kumar Kaushal
Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR)-DRDO, Ladakh, India
kaushalsoilscience@gmail.com
Acharya Somen
Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR)-DRDO, Ladakh, India
someniari@gmail.com