Effect of potato peel on reinforcing marigold growth, yield and chemical fractions to relieve salinity stress

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
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Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00433-z
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Keywords: Marigold, Salinity, Potato peel, Growth criteria, Chemical contents


Abstract


Marigold plant (Calendula officinalis L.), rich in various natural products with medicinal characteristics such as antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral and cicatrizing; is cultivated in central Egypt for exporting flowers and leaves which contain essential oil and natural pigments. Unfortunately, irrigation water in these areas contains high amount of dissolved salt, which affects the productivity of marigold plant. Thus, the current investigation is just an attempt to reduce the harmful effects of saline irrigation water on marigold plants by adapting them to salinity stress after adding potato peel to agricultural soil. Marigold plants were exposed to saline irrigation water at 0, 2, 4 and 6 g L−1 with or without potato peel (200 g pot−1). Plants subjected to saline irrigation water with potato peel improved in terms of growth criteria (fresh and dry weights of both mass and flowers production), photosynthetic pigments, total phenols, flavonoids, proline, carbohydrates, protein and elements (nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and calcium), essential oil yield, lipids; whereas the free radical scavenging, sodium and chloride were decreased. Essential oil constituents and fatty acids contents varied due to salinity × potato peel treatments. It may be concluded that potato peels can be added to marigold growing soil to reduce the harmful effects of saline irrigation water.



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Acknowledgements


The authors extend their thanks to the National Research Center (NRC) for supporting this research paper with devices and chemicals during research project number 12050104.


Author Information


Wahba Hend E.
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Egypt

Abd-Rabbu Hala S.
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Egypt


El-Gohary Ahmed E.
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Egypt


Khalid Khalid A.
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Egypt

ahmed490@gmail.com