Essential oil profile of dried fruit pericarp of Zanthoxylum rhetsa (roxb.) DC: a traditional spice from Goa, India

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email:
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-023-00584-7
First Page: 182
Last Page: 185
Views: 1431

Keywords: Indian prickly ash, Traditional crop, Underutilized species, Volatile oil


Tisal (Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC) fruit has vast traditional, pharmaceutical and commercial importance. The fruit pericarp is mainly used as a spice in the preparation of various cuisines in Goa and other parts of India. Fruits and other parts of this plant are aromatic and it has taste akin to lemon skin. The present study aimed at profiling of essential oil present in the dried fruit pericarp using GC-MS/MS. Profiling of the fruit pericarp showed the presence of sabinene (28.63%), β-Phyllandrene (22.47%), α-Pinene (12.762%), 4-Terpineol (8.742%), γ-Terpinene (5.926%) and α-Elemene (3.342%) apart from the minor constituents. Profiling of essential oil of dried fruit pericarp of Z. rhetsa collected from Goa state of India showed presence of commercial and medicinally important compounds. The present study indicated that the dried fruit pericarp is an important source of essential oil that is rich in industrially important compounds and hence, its cultivation and processing need to be promoted.

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Authors acknowledge the help rendered by Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility, ICAR-IIHR in GC-MS/MS analysis.

Author Information

Karanjalker Gourish R.
Don Bosco College of Agriculture, Sulcorna, India
Karanjalker Avni G.
RCPR School of Agriculture and Community College, Ponda, India

Waman Ajit Arun
ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India