Integrated management of Fusarium wilt disease of banana in Kerala, India

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-023-00576-7
First Page: 117
Last Page: 124
Views: 1222


Keywords: Fusarium wilt, Banana, Disease incidence, Disease severity, Integrated management


Abstract


Banana is considered an important fruit crop in the livelihood of many people in tropical and subtropical countries. However, in India, the banana crop is threatened by Fusarium wilt disease incited by the pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), a soil-borne fungus. A purposive sampling survey was conducted in 2018 in various districts of Kerala to study the extent of disease incidence and its severity. The study revealed that the disease incidence ranged from 1.52 to 43.65 percent with 20.41 to 49.57 percent severity. During the survey, it was observed that the major cultivating varieties such as Rasthali/Poovan, Kadali, Njalipoovan, and Chenkadali were infected by the disease which causes serious economic loss to the farmers. Hence, the research was carried out to create an integrated management package against the pathogen causing Fusarium wilt disease in bananas by testing various chemical fungicides and biocontrol agents under both as well as field conditions. Among the various treatments used, an integrated package including sucker treatment with biocontrol agent Pseudomonas fluorescens followed by the soil application of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Trichoderma viride (biocontrol agent) enriched cow dung at the time of planting and soil drenching with a triazole fungicide tebuconazole at 2 and 4 months after planting was recorded best for the disease management. As a result, the management of Fusarium wilt of banana may be accomplished by the employment of a combined strategy of biocontrol agents and chemical fungicides applied at the prescribed rate.


Fusarium wilt, Banana, Disease incidence, Disease severity, Integrated management


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Acknowledgements



Author Information


Lishma N. P.
Regional Agricultural Research Station, Wayanad, India
lishma.np@kau.in
Cherian K. Anita
College of Agriculture, Thrissur, India
anitacheriank@gmail.com

Louis Vimi
Banana Research Station, Thrissur, India

vimi.louis@kau.in
Sureshkumar R.
Amrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Coimbatore, India

r_sureshkumar@cb.amrita.edu
Kumar P. Naveen
Amrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Coimbatore, India
p_naveenkumar@cb.amrita.edu
Chandran Deepak
Amrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Coimbatore, India
c_deepak@cb.amrita.edu
Pran M.
School of Agriculture and Biosciences, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore, India
pran@karunya.edu
,
Sharma Rohit
Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
rohitsharma@bhu.ac.in