Modelling potentially suitable lac cultivation zones of Butea monosperma to promote livelihood security in rural India

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email:
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00222-0
First Page: 630
Last Page: 637
Views: 886

Keywords: B. monosperma , Climate, Lac cultivation, Livelihood security, Maxent


The present paper highlights the importance of lac cultivation through Butea monosperma. We have modelled the suitable habitat of major lac host B. monosperma using MAXENT for the current and future climatic scenarios (RCPs 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5). The study suggested the dominance of suitable habitats of B. monosperma in central-eastern to eastern and southern parts of the country. Temperature seasonality (Bio_4) was the most significant bioclimatic variable in regulating the distribution of B. monosperma followed by elevation and annual precipitation (Bio_13). The projection for the year 2050 suggested the habitat shift towards the eastern and southern parts. The study indicated the major habitat of B. monosperma continued to exist in the Chotanagpur plateau in eastern India. The model predicted approximately a 9–13% decrease in the overall potential habitat of B. monosperma by 2050, and the distribution of species would be nearly extinct from the northern and western parts. Presently, only the 5% lac host trees are being utilised for lac cultivation, and the study suggested that conservation and promotion of B. monosperma on projected suitable habitats and even by utilising 25% of resources, the lac production may jump manifold catering to global demand, rural economy and employment and shall contribute towards ‘Self Reliant India’.

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The authors are thankful to Dr. N. Kulkarni, Director, IFP, Ranchi and to Dr. SA Ansari, Ex-Director, IFP, Ranchi, for their support and valuable suggestions. The authors are also thankful to GBIF for providing occurrence data, open-source MAXENT software, and GFSC-SIIL for providing worldclim data online.

Author Information

Tiwari Sharad
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
Ghosh Brojo Gopal
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India

Vaidya S. N.
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
Rahaman Sk Mujibar
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
Khatun Masjuda
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
Garai Sanjoy
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
Saikia Purabi
School of Natural Resource Management, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India
Kumar Amit
School of Natural Resource Management, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India
Kumar Amit
School of Natural Resource Management, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India
Kumar Amit
School of Natural Resource Management, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India