New record of three taxonomic varieties of wild okra (Abelmoschus Medik.) for Eastern India

, , ,


Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00507-y
First Page: 1058
Last Page: 1069
Views: 710


Keywords: n Abelmoschusn , Eastern India, New record, Odisha, Scanning electron microscope


Abstract


While exploring for germplasm collection and distribution of Abelmoschus in India, the occurrence of three taxonomic varieties of wild okra viz. Abelmoschus angulosus var. grandiflorus, A. tuberculatus var. deltoidefolius and A. tuberculatus var. tuberculatus were reported for the first time from the state of Odisha. After critical review of published literature on distribution, their natural occurrence in Odisha was found to be new records for Eastern India. Information on detailed diagnostic description, ecology/habitat, germplasm collected and conserved, field photographs along with scanning electron microscopy of seeds were presented for easy identification and further utilization. The precise information on micro-morphology of seeds using scanning electron microscope was very useful for critical study on the surface pattern and trichome structure to substantiate taxonomic attributes for identification of inter- and intra-specific taxa of Abelmoschus reported herein.


n              Abelmoschusn            , Eastern India, New record, Odisha, Scanning electron microscope


*Get Access

(*Only SPR Members can get full access. Click Here to Apply and get access)

Advertisement

References


Bisht IS, Bhat KV (2006) Okra (Abelmoschus spp.). In: Singh RJ (ed) Genetic resources, chromosome engineering and crop improvement series, vol 3, vegetable crops. CRC Press, New York, pp 147–184


Borssum Waalkes JV (1966) Malesian Malvaceae revised. Blumea 14(1):89–105


Charrier A (1984) Genetic resources of the genus Abelmoschus Med. (okra). International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, IBPGR Secretariat, Rome


Deb DB (1981) Malvaceae. The flora of Tripura state, vol 1. Today and tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi, pp 294–309


Gamble JS (1928) Hibiscus Linn. Flora of Presidency of Madras, vol 1. Adlard and Son Limited, London, pp 94–99


GuhaBakshi DN (1984) Malvaceae. Flora of Murshidabad district, West Bengal, India. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, pp 63–69


Haines HH (1921) Malvaceae. The Botany of Bihar and Orissa, part 1. Adlard and Son and West Newman Ltd, London, pp 57–74


Hinsley SR (2022) Malvaceae info: Abelmoschus notes. http://www.malvaceae.info/Genera/Abelmoschus/Abelmoschus.php. Accessed July 2022


Hochreutiner BPG (1924) Genres nouveaux et genres discutes de la famille des Malvacees. Candollea 2:79–90





IUCN (2016) Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, version 12. http://www.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedlistGuidelines.pdf. Accessed Feb 2016


John KJ, Scariah S, Nissar VA, Bhat KV, Yadav SR (2013) Abelmoschus enbeepeegearense sp nov. (Malvaceae), an endemic species of okra from Western Ghats, India. Nord J Bot 30:001–006


John JK, Krishnaraj MV, Pradheep K, Patil P, Harish GD, Bhat KV (2020) A new variety of Abelmoschus pungens (Malvaceae) from Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot. Rheedea 30(4):456–462


Khanna KK, Kumar A, Dixit RD, Singh NP (2001) Supplement to the flora of Madhya Pradesh. Botanical Survey of India, p 16


Linnaeus C (1753) Hibiscus: Monadelphia Polyandria. In: Species Plantarum, vol 2. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, pp 693–697


Masters MT (1875) Malvaceae. In: Hooker JD (ed) Flora of British India, vol 1. L. Reeve & Co., Convent Garden, pp 317–353


Matthew KM (1983) Hibiscus Linn. In: Hen J (ed) The flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic, part 1. The Rapinath Herbarium, Tiruchirapalli, pp 111–120


Medikus FK (1787) Ueber einige kunstliche Geschlechter aus der Malvenfamilie, den der Klasse der, Monadelphien, pp 45–46


Misra RC, Pani DR, Bharathi LK, Ahlawat SP (2018) Abelmoschus angulosus var mahendragiriensis (Malvaceae): a new taxonomic variety of wild okra from Eastern Ghats of India. Genet Resour Crop Evol 65:993–1002


Mooney HF (1950) Malvaceae. Supplement to the botany of Bihar and Orissa. Catholic Press, Ranchi, pp 27–28


Nair NC, Henry AN (1983) Malvaceae. Flora of Tamilnadu (India) series 1: analysis, vol 1. Botanical Survey of India, Southern Circle, Coimbatore, pp 31–37





Pal BP, Singh HB, Swarup V (1952) Taxonomic relationship and breeding possibilities of species of Abelmoschus related to okra (A. esculentus). Bot Gazette 113:455–464


Patil P, Sutar S, Malik SK, John J, Yadav S, Bhat KV (2015a) Numerical taxonomy of Abelmoschus Medik (Malvaceae) in India. Banglad J Plant Tax 22(2):87–98


Patil P, Malik SK, Sutar S, Yadav S, John J, Bhat KV (2015b) Taxonomic importance of seed macro- and micro-morphology in Abelmoschus (Malvaceae). Nord J Bot 33(6):696–707


Paul TK (1993) Malvaceae. In: Sharma BD, Sanjappa M, Balakrishnan MP (eds) Flora of India, vol 3. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, pp 300–310


Paul TK, Nayar MP (1982) A new variety of Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh (Malvaceae) from Rajasthan, India. Bull Bot Surv Ind 24(1–4):215–217


Paul T, Nayar MP (1988) Malvaceae. In: Thothathri K, Sanjappa M (eds) Fascicles of Flora of India, Fascicle 19. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, pp 78–79


Prain D (1981) Hibiscus Medik. Bengal plants, vol 1. Bishen Singh Mahendrapal Singh, Dehradun, pp 262–269


Pullaiah T, Chennaiah E (1997) Malvaceae. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India), vol 1. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, pp 114–135


Pullaiah T, Rao DM (2002) Malvaceae. Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill ranges of South-east India, vol 1. Regency Publications, New Delhi, pp 113–148


Saxena HO, Brahmam M (1994) Malvaceae. The flora of Orissa, vol 1. Orissa Forest Development Corporation Ltd, Bhubaneswar, pp 126–172


Singh NP, Karthikeyan S (2000) Flora of Maharashtra state: Dicotyledons, vol 1. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, p 294


Singh NP, Mudgal V, Khanna KK, Srivastava SC, Sahoo AK, Bandopadhyay S, Aziz N, Das M, Bhatacharya RP, Hajra PK (2001) Malvaceae. Flora of Bihar: analysis. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, pp 58–71


Sivarajan VV, Pradeep AK (1996) Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: a taxonomic monograph. Daya Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 44–73


Sivarajan VV, Pradeep AK, Pandey AK (1994) On the taxonomy and infraspecific classification of Abelmoschus angulosus Wall. ex Wt & Arn. (Malvaceae). Rheedea 4(1):1–12


Sutar S, Patil P, Aitawade M, John J, Malik S, Rao S, Yadav S, Bhat KV (2013) A new species of Abelmoschus Medik. (Malvaceae) from Chhattisgarh, India. Genet Resour Crop Evol 60:1953–1958


The Plant List (2013) A working list of all plant species, version 1.1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew





Trimen H (1893) Hibiscus Linn. A handbook to the flora of Ceylon, part 1. Dulau & Co Ltd, London, pp 156–157

 


Acknowledgements


The authors are grateful to the Director, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi for approving the exploration mission for germplasm collection of wild relatives of Abelmoschus in parts of Odisha and providing research facilities during the course of investigation. The first author is thankful to the tribal informants of Kendujhar district, Odisha, who participated in the exploration programme and voluntarily shared their valuable indigenous knowledge on the local use of wild okra.


Author Information


Misra R. C.
Exploration Base Centre, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, N.R.R.I. Campus, Cuttack, India
rcmisranbpgr@gmail.com
Dehury S.
Vasundhara, Dash Mohapatra Complex, KIIT, Bhubaneswar, India


Dash S. K.
Central Instrumentation Facility, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, India


Ahlawat S. P.
Division of Plant Exploration and Germplasm Collection, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi, India