Some rare and new taxa of the genus Spirogyra (Zygnematales, Chlorophyceae) from river Kosi basin adjoining parts of India and Nepal

Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email:
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00460-w
First Page: 899
Last Page: 906
Views: 1322

Keywords: Spirogyra , New species, New records, River Kosi


The present paper deals with a total of 11 species of the genus Spirogyra from wetlands of river Kosi basin. Of these, two species (S. kushii JHA et KARGUPTA sp. nov. and S. madhubensis JHA et KARGUPTA sp. nov.) are new to science; one species (S. gabonensis Gauthier- Lievre) as new records to India and one species: S. minor (Schmidle) Transeau as new records to Bihar. The six species of Spirogyra are, however, described for the first time from the country of Nepal.

            , New species, New records, River Kosi

*Get Access

(*Only SPR Members can get full access. Click Here to Apply and get access)



Baral SR (1995) Enumeration of the Algae of Nepal: Biodiversity Profile Project. Technical Publication, H.M. Government of Nepal, Kathmandu, p 153

Bendre AM, Kumar S, Sarma SK (1975) Zygnemaceae of Meerut. Guru. Kangr. Vishwa. J Sci Res 6(1):21–24

Bhardwaja Y (1963) The freshwater algae of Manipur, India I. Proc Ind Acad Sci 57(B):239–258

Bhaskar K, Nautiyal S, Imran Khan YD, Rrajanna L (2015) A preliminary study on phytoplankton in fresh water lake of Gogi, Yadgir District Karnataka. IJIRSET 4(4):230–237

Chalotra P, Gaind M, Anand VK (2013) Morpho-taxonomic studies on the genus Spirogyra link (Cholorophyta) occurring in fresh water bodies of Jammu and Kashmir. IOSR-JAVS 2(5):1–10.

Chaturvedi UK (1975) A list of green algae from Rohilkhand division UP, India III. Phykos 14(1–2):49–52

Gauthier-Lievre L (1965) Zygnemaceae Africanines Beih. Nova Hedwig 20:1–210

Graham LE, Wilcox LW (2000) Algae. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, p 640

Gupta AB, Nair GU (1962) A contribution to the algal flora of Garhwal. J Agra Univ Res Sci 11(3):227–239

Islam AKMN (1984) Studies on the members of Zygnemataceae from Bangladesh—2. Spirogyra Link-Bangladesh. J Bot 13(2):194–213

Jao CC (1939) Studies on the freshwater algae from China-III. New Chlorophyceae from Hopeh, Chekiang and Szechwan. Sinensia 10(1–6):147–160

Jha S (2010) New record of some Zygnematacae from Nepal and Bihar, India. Vegetos 23(1):53–61

Kadlubowska JZ (1984) Conjugatophyceae I: chlorophyta VIII, Zygnemales. In: Pascher A, Ettl H, Gerloff J, Heynig H, Mollenauer D (eds) Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, vol 16. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, p 532

Kamat ND (1962) Chlorophyceae of Ahmadabad, India. Hydrobiologia 20(3):248–279

Kamat ND (1963) The algae of Kolhapur India. Hydrobiologia 22(3–4):209–305

Kamat ND (1968) Algae of Alibag, Maharashtra. J Bombay Nat His Soc 65(1):88–104

Kamat ND (1974) Algae of Marathwada, Maharashtra. Phykos 13(1):22–32

Kant S, Gupta P (1998) Algal flora of Ladakh. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, p 341

Kargupta AN, Ahmad MR (1995) The genus Spirogyra (Chlorophyceae: Zygnematales) from Mithilanchal, Bihar. In: Vidyavati, Noor (eds) Biology of conjugales. Printwell Publishers, Jaipur, pp 195–218

Kargupta AN, Jha RN (2004) Algal flora of Bihar (Zygnemataceae). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh Publishers, Dehradun, p 237

Kargupta AN, Sarma P (1992) The genus Spirogyra (Chlorophyceae: Zygnemataceae) from West Bengal, India. Bibl Phycol 91:1–75 (with 229 figs)

Kargupta AN, Kumari B, Verma AM (1987) Two new species of the genus Spirogyra Link from eastern India. Sci Cult 53(5):149–151

Khan M (1970) Algal flora of Deharadun-2. Chlorophyceae. GKVJ Sci Res 2:87–92

Kolkwitz R, Krieger H (1941) Zygnemales. In: Rabenhorst (ed) Kryptogamen flora Von Deutschland, Osterreich und der Schweiz 13, Abat 2, Lief 1–2, Leipzig

Kolkwitz R, Krieger H (1944) Zygnemales (with nice illustrations). In: Rabenhorst (ed) Kryptogamen flora. Publishers Johnson Reprint Corp, New York

Kumar H (1975) A checklist of Spirogyra from Meerut. Phykos 14:11–12

Lakshminarayan JSS (1963) Algal flora of Uttar Pradesh-IV. Chlorophyceae: Conjugales, Siphonales and Charales. Environ Health 5:46–60

Lewis SH, Entwisle TJ (2000) Spirogyra cardinia (Zygnemataceae, Zygnematophyceae, Chlorophyta): a new species of freshwater alga from Victoria, Australia. Muelleria 14:99–102

Müller J (1965) Spirogyra nepalensis nov spec. Khumbu Himal 1(4):299–300

Novis PM (2004) New records of Spirogyra and Zygnema (Charophyceae, Chlorophyta) in New Zealand. NZ J Bot 42:139–152

Padey UC, Chaturvedi UK (1979) Algae of Rohilkhand division, UP, India-V. Phykos 18(1–2):37–43

Pal S (1977) A preliminary list of Zygnemaceae of Saharanpur, UP, India. Phykos 16(1–2):43–45

Pandey UC, Habib I (1995) Conjugales from Bareilly. In: Vidyavati, Noor (eds) Biology of conjugales. Printwell Publishers, Jaipur, pp 155–167

Patel RJ, Ashok Kumar CK (1975) Zygnemaceae of Gujarat, India-Spirogyra Link. Phykos 14(1–2):53–65

Prasad BN (1964/1965) On the algal flora of river Varuna in Varanasi district. J Sci Res BHU 15:142–151

Prasad V (2006) Conservation and management status of algal biodiversity in Nepal. In: Karmacharya SB, Dhakal MR, Jha SN, Mandal TN, Chhettri MK, Subba BR, Koirala U, Niroula B, Limbu KP (eds) Natural resource management. Nepal Biological Society, Biratnagar & Ecological Society, Kathmandu, pp 77–82

Prasad BN, Mishra PK (1983) Studies on the genus Spirogyra Link from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Geophytology 13(1):63–71

Presscott GW (1962) Algae of the western Great Lakes area, 2nd edn. Brown Co. Dubuque, Iowa, p 977

Rai SK, Ghimire N (2020) Algal explorations in Nepal. In: Siwakoti M, Jha PK, Rajbhandary S, Rai SK (eds) Plant diversity in Nepal. Botanical Society of Nepal, Kathmandu, pp 16–40

Rai SK, Misra PK (2007) Spirogyra Link and Sirogonium Kutzing species: new to algal flora of Nepal. Ecoprint 14:89–96

Randhawa MS (1959) Zygnemaceae monographs on algae. New Delhi, ICAR, p 478

Rao CB (1937) The Zygnemoideae of the United Provinces, India-I. J Indian Bot Soc 16(5):269–288

Rao CB (1938) The Zygnemoideae of the Central Provinces, India. J Indian Bot Soc 17(5–6):341–353

Rattan RS (1964) Some new records of Zygnemaceae from Punjab, India. I. J Indian Bot Soc 43(3):369–373

Rattan RS (1968) Notes on some Zygnemaceae of Punjab Plains. Res Bull (NS) Punjab Univ 19(1–2):253–254

Shrestha S, Rai SK, Dhakal MR (2013) Algae of Itahari Municipality and its adjoining area, Eastern Nepal. Int J Appl Sci Biotechnol 1(1):5–10

Sarma YSRK, Khan M (1980) Algal taxonomy in India. Today and Tomorrow’s Book Agency, New Delhi, p 153

Savithra N, Malammanavar GS (2021) The occurrence of genus Spirogyra (Zygnemataceae, Chlorophyceae) from the ponds of Shivamogga district and its distributional additions to the algal flora of Karnataka, India. Int J Bot Stud 6(3):103–115

Singh KP (1960) The Chlorophyceae of the Kumaon Hills, UP, India. Agra Univ J Res 9:211–216

Singh M, Srivastava M (1996) Spirogyra sarmaii sp nov from Dhanbad, Bihar. Phykos 35(1–2):39–42

Sinha BD, Srivastava NK (1980) Algae of Balmikinagar, Bihar. Phykos 19(2):171–174

Srivastava M (1984a) Spirogyra colligata Hodgetts var ranchiensis var nov from Bihar, India. Geophytology 14(2):154–155

Srivastava M (1984b) Spirogyra sinhaensis sp. nov. from India. Phykos 23(1–2):144–147

Srivastava M (1985) A new variety of Spirogyra singularis NORDS from south hilly region of Bihar. Geobios 4:61–62

Srivastava M (1986) Spirogyra godwardii a new species of Zygnemaceae from India. J Indian Bot Soc 65:505–506

Transeau EN (1951) The Zygnemataceae monograph. Ohio State Univ Press, Columbus, p 327

Udhaya Kumar K, Annadurai B (2021) Distribution of Algal diversity in the rice field. Eco Env Cons 27(2):679–684



The present author is grateful to Prof. A.N. KARGUPTA, for critical evaluation and identification of the materials and Head, P.G. Department of Botany, L.N. Mithila University, Darbhanga for providing research facilities, Dr. N. C. MAJUMDAR, Rtd. Deputy Director, Botanical Survey of India, for rendering Latin diagnosis of the new species, Mr. Savitesh Mukharjee, Illustrator and Caricature artist, Neharunagar, Bilaspur (C.G.) for computer drawings of the figures and Head, Central Department of Bio-technology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu and Vice Chancellor, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya Bilaspur (C.G.) for inspiration.

Author Information

Jha Sampoornanand
Central Department of Biotechnology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal