Teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) demonstrates robust adaptability to climate change scenarios in central India

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
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Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00444-w
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Keywords: Climate change, Habitat, High-value timber, MaxEnt, Tectona grandis


Abstract


Central India, predicted to be one of the most severe hotspots for extreme climatic events, is a recognised major center of genetic diversity for the teak (Tectona grandis L.f.)—a high-value timber species. Understanding the impact of climate change on the sustainability of teak is critical for planning and management strategies for this important timber species. We used MaxEnt, to ascertain the current habitats of teak and projected its suitable habitats for the year 2050. We considered 19 bioclimatic variables from the WorldClim database for global climatic models (GCM), IPSL_CM5A_LR, and NIMR_HADGEM2_AO under different representative concentration pathways (RCP) scenarios such as RCP 2.6, 4.5, 6.0, and 8.5. Our findings showed that at present, ~ 4.53% (41,054.3 km2) of the studied area provides suitable habitats for teak and a range expansion of ~ 5.68–7.01% by the year 2050, depending upon RCPs and GCMs. The findings indicated an increase in the habitat range of teak in the northern and eastern part but a decrease in the southern part of central India by 2050. Bioclimatic variable isothermality (Bio_3) contributed most in limiting the distribution of teak for the current climatic scenario, whereas, temperature seasonality (Bio_4) and precipitation of the driest month (Bio_14) contributed most for 2050 projections under both the scenarios. The study indicated robust adaptability of teak to climate change, and in the future, the suitable habitat is likely to increase in the central Indian region. The study provides vital insight into the likely distribution scenario of teak in the face of climate change, and offers valuable information for strategizing teak management initiatives in the region.


Climate change, Habitat, High-value timber, MaxEnt, 
              Tectona grandis


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Acknowledgements


We extend our heartfelt thanks to the Directors of Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, and Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, for their support during the study. We are also thankful to the respective Forest Departments of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha for their support during the field survey. Technical support provided by the staff of TFRI is also acknowledged. The study was part of research Project ID 193/TFRI/2012/Gen-2(26)/ (Sub-project-4) and financial support extended by the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, Dehradun for the same is duly acknowledged.


Author Information


Mohammad Naseer
Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, India
naseer35518@gmail.com
Rahaman Sk Mujibar
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
mujibar08@gmail.com

Khatun Masjuda
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India

masjudakhatun18@gmail.com
Rajkumar Muthu
Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, India

rajinecol@gmail.com
Garai Sanjoy
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
sanjaygarai2013@gmail.com
Ranjan Ashish
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
ashish.ranjan696@gmail.com
Tiwari Sharad
Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi, India
sharadtiwari8@gmail.com