Unveiling the pharmaceutical and therapeutic potentials of Bambusa vulgaris essential oil

, , , , , ,

Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-023-00590-9
First Page: 211
Last Page: 223
Views: 1304

Keywords: Anticancer, Antimalarial, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Essential oil


In the present study, we attempted to provide a comprehensive perspective towards the exploration of essential oil from Bambusa vulgaris plant as an appropriate substitute for already existing synthetic counterparts. GC–MS analysis was performed to identify the individual components present in the essential oil. The antimicrobial activity and antioxidant potential was evaluated where oil exhibited a variable degree of biological activity. Additionally, investigation on the essential oils antimalarial and anti-cancerous potential was conducted using the HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines while study on the oils cytotoxic activity was performed using the CHO cell line.

Anticancer, Antimalarial, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Essential oil

*Get Access

(*Only SPR Members can get full access. Click Here to Apply and get access)



Adewole KE, Attah AF (2020) Antimalarial plants with potential male-factor antifertility properties. J Complem Integr Med 17:1–29

Afoulous S et al (2011) Helichrysum gymnocephalum essential oil: chemical composition and cytotoxic, antimalarial and antioxidant activities, attribution of the activity origin by correlations. Molecules 16:8273–8291

Afoulous S et al (2013) Chemical composition and anticancer, antiinflammatory, antioxidant and antimalarial activities of leaves essential oil of Cedrelopsis grevei. Food Chem Toxicol 56:352–362

Ahluwalia V et al (2014) Chemical analysis of essential oils of Eupatorium adenophorum and their antimicrobial, antioxidant and phytotoxic properties. J Pest Sci 87:341–349

Amr E (2007) Pharmaceutical and therapeutic potentials of essential oils and their individual volatile constituents: a review. Phytother Res 21:308–323

Atewolara-odule O, Olubomehin O, Adesanya E, Hashimi A, Ogunmoye A (2018) Chemical composition of essential oils from Bambusa vulgaris leaf (fresh and dried) Schrad. Ex J.C. Wendl. [Poaceae] obtained in Nigeria. J Res Rev Sci 5:8–13

Baldin VP et al (2019) Ginger essential oil and fractions against Mycobacterium spp. J Ethnopharmacol 244:112095

Bassolé IHN, Juliani HR (2012) Essential oils in combination and their antimicrobial properties. Molecules 17:3989–4006

Chang WL, Cheng FC, Wang SP, Chou ST, Shih Y (2017) Cinnamomum cassia essential oil and its major constituent cinnamaldehyde induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human oral squamous cell carcinoma HSC-3 cells. Environ Toxicol 32:456–468

Choudhury DS, Ghosh SK (1985) Laboratory diagnosis of malaria. Indian J Pediatr 52(3):261–267

Dahham SS et al (2015) The anticancer, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the sesquiterpene β-caryophyllene from the essential oil of Aquilaria crassna. Molecules 20:11808–11829

Ebrahimabadi AH, Mazoochi A, Kashi FJ, Djafari-Bidgoli Z, Batooli H (2010) Essential oil composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the aerial parts of Salvia eremophila Boiss. from Iran. Food Chem Toxicol 48:1371–1376

Falowo TT, Ejidike IP, Lajide L, Clayton HS (2021) Polyphenolic content of Musa acuminata and Musa paradisiaca bracts: chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial potentials. Biomed Pharmacol J 14:1767–1780

Gamma-Terpinene PubChem CID 7461 Structure (2004). https://doi.org/10.5517/cc5x4mt

Gong J et al (2015) Functional components of bamboo shavings and bamboo leaf extracts and their antioxidant activities in vitro. J Med Food 18:453–459

Jaganathan SK, Supriyanto E (2012a) Antiproliferative and molecular mechanism of eugenol-induced apoptosis in cancer cells. Molecules 17:6290–6304. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules17066305

Jaganathan SK, Supriyanto E (2012b) Antiproliferative and molecular mechanism of eugenol-induced apoptosis in cancer cells. Molecules 17:6290–6304

Kamaraj C et al (2011) Larvicidal and repellent activity of medicinal plant extracts from Eastern Ghats of South India against malaria and filariasis vectors. Asian Pac J Trop Med 4:698–705

Kazemi M (2015) Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Matricaria recutita. Int J Food Prop 18:1784–1792. https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912.2014.939660

Lambros C, Vanderberg JP (1979) Synchronization of Plasmodium falciparum erythrocytic stages in culture. J Parasitol 65:418–420

Langeveld WT, Veldhuizen EJA, Burt SA (2014) Synergy between essential oil components and antibiotics: a review. Crit Rev Microbiol 40:76–94

Larayetan R, Ololade ZS, Ogunmola OO, Ladokun A (2019) Phytochemical constituents, antioxidant, cytotoxicity, antimicrobial, antitrypanosomal, and antimalarial potentials of the crude extracts of Callistemon citrinus. Evid Based Complem Altern Med 2019:1

McMichael AJ (2004) Environmental and social influences on emerging infectious diseases: past, present and future. Philos Trans R Soc B Biol Sci 359:1049–1058

Nirmala C, Bisht MS, Bajwa HK, Santosh O (2018) Bamboo: a rich source of natural antioxidants and its applications in the food and pharmaceutical industry. Trends Food Sci Technol 77:91–99

Nirmala MJ, Durai L, Gopakumar V, Nagarajan R (2020) Preparation of celery essential oil-based nanoemulsion by ultrasonication and evaluation of its potential anticancer and antibacterial activity. Int J Nanomed 15:7651–7666

Pandey SK, Upadhyay S, Tripathi AK (2009) Insecticidal and repellent activities of thymol from the essential oil of Trachyspermum ammi (Linn) Sprague seeds against Anopheles stephensi. Parasitol Res 105:507–512

Quertemont E, Didone V (2006) Role of acetaldehyde in mediating the pharmacological and behavioral effects of alcohol. Alcohol Res Health 29(4): 258–265

Rathbun RC, Slate IH (1963) Amitriptyline and nortriptyline as antagonists of central and peripheral cholinergic activation. Psychopharmacologia 4:114–125

Rieckmann KH, Campbell GH, Sax LJ, Ema JE (1978) Drug sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum. Lancet 311:22–23

Salehi B et al (2019) Therapeutic potential of α- and β-pinene: a miracle gift of nature. Biomolecules. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom9110738

Salem MA et al (2022) Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil and oil-loaded nano-formulations as an anti-aging potentiality via TGFβ/SMAD pathway. Sci Rep 12:1–15

Tao C et al (2019) Mechanism of action of essential oils extracted from bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla cv. pubescens) leaves: chemical composition and antimicrobial activity. Ojs Cnr Ncsu Edu 14:1419–1434

Tolba H, Moghrani H, Benelmouffok A, Kellou D, Maachi R (2015) Essential oil of Algerian eucalyptus citriodora: chemical composition, antifungal activity. Journal De Mycologie Medicale 25:e128–e133

Turek C, Stintzing FC (2013) Stability of essential oils: a review. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 12:40–53

Upadhyay A, Upadhyaya I, Kollanoor-Johny A, Venkitanarayanan K (2014) Combating pathogenic microorganisms using plant-derived antimicrobials: a minireview of the mechanistic basis. BioMed Res Int 2014:1

Vukovic N, Milosevic T, Sukdolak S, Solujic S (2007) Antimicrobial activities of essential oil and methanol extract of Teucrium montanum. Evid Based Complem Altern Med 4:17–20

Wong STS et al (2020) Longer mosquito control using a sodium alginate–chitosan nanocarrier for cinnamaldehyde in larvicide formulations. Environ Chem Lett 18:1345–1351

Wróblewska BK, de Oliveira CS, Tereza-Grombone-Guaratini D, Roberto MH, Moreno P (2019) Medicinal properties of bamboos. Pharmacogn Med Plants. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.82005

Wu D et al (2012) Application of near infrared spectroscopy for the rapid determination of antioxidant activity of bamboo leaf extract. Food Chem 135:2147–2156

Xiao Z et al (2020) Structural characterization, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of water-soluble polysaccharides from bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel) leaves. Int J Biol Macromol 142:432–442

Yang C et al (2017) Antioxidant and anticancer activities of essential oil from Gannan navel orange peel. Molecules. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22081391

Yap PSX, Lim SHE, Hu CP, Yiap BC (2013) Combination of essential oils and antibiotics reduce antibiotic resistance in plasmid-conferred multidrug resistant bacteria. Phytomedicine 20:710–713

Zielińska-Błajet M, Feder-Kubis J (2020) Monoterpenes and their derivatives—recent development in biological and medical applications. Int J Mol Sci 21:1–38



Author Information

Jha Vikas
National Facility for Biopharmaceuticals, G. N. Khalsa College, Mumbai, India
Kore Shivani
Department of Biotechnology, BK Birla College, Kalyan, India

Bhosale Anjali
National Facility for Biopharmaceuticals, G. N. Khalsa College, Mumbai, India

Yadav Himadri
National Facility for Biopharmaceuticals, G. N. Khalsa College, Mumbai, India

Pendse Shalmali
National Facility for Biopharmaceuticals, G. N. Khalsa College, Mumbai, India

Sawant Dattatray
National Facility for Biopharmaceuticals, G. N. Khalsa College, Mumbai, India

Kamble Tushar
National Facility for Biopharmaceuticals, G. N. Khalsa College, Mumbai, India