Morphological characterisation and principal component analysis studies in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) genotypes

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email:
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-024-00869-5
First Page: 738
Last Page: 744
Views: 1278

Keywords: Bitter gourd, Genotypes, Morphological characters, Mean performance, Principal component analysis


An experiment was carried out with 27 genotypes of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.)” at Research Farm of the Department of Vegetable Science, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar during Spring–Summer season, 2018. The genotypes were planted in three replications in Randomized Block Design. Considerable amount of variability was observed in all the genotypes for all seven morphological characters under study viz., leaf shape, leaf pubescence, fruit neck, fruit skin color, fruit shape in longitudinal section, shape of fruit at blossom end and shape of fruit at peduncle end. The genotypes viz., IC 85624 followed by HK 113, IC 85610, IC 85605 were found superior in terms of mean performance data of fruit yield and growth parameters and found promising for future improvement programme. The results of principal component analysis revealed that out of all the 16 characters, initial eight characters had more than 0.5 eigen values with more than 91% variability. Of all, PC1 (days to 50% germination) had highest eigen value (0.538) and accounted 34.60% variability, hence, selection of genotypes based on these traits can be rewarding in future breeding programmes.

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We highly acknowledge the research material supports from the ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR), Varanasi for providing us the potential germplasm for conducting this research.

Author Information

Mehta Tanvi
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, CCS HAU, Hisar, India
Duhan D. S.
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, CCS HAU, Hisar, India

Phogat Sudesh
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, CCS HAU, Hisar, India

Lata Kumari
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, India

Sehgal Nidhi
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, CCS HAU, Hisar, India

Singh Randeep
Department of Vegetable Science, Maharana Pratap Horticultural University, Karnal, India