Mild-NaCl stress increases protein and nitrogen contents of common bean (Phaselous vulgaris) grains

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Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
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Doi: 10.1007/s42535-024-00907-2
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Keywords: Abiotic stress, Climate change, Grain quality, Legume, Soil salinity


Abstract


Legumes are highly valued as a food and feed source because of its high nutritional value, with the common bean being the most consumed pulse within this family. However, this species is highly sensitive to saline stress, which is becoming an increasing problem in the agricultural context due to rising levels of soil salinization because of anthropogenic activities (secondary salinization). Therefore, the current contribution reports the response of common bean seeds (Phaselous vulgaris, Cultivar ‘ICA Pijao’) to saline stress applied as 0 to 60 g of sodium chloride (NaCl) per pot (i.e. 0.48 ± 0.03 to 4.82 ± 0.47 dS m−1) at the start of the trial. By 14 d, only plants exposed to the lowest NaCl concentration survived (15 g NaCl per pot). The imposition of saline stress resulted in a significant reduction of root biomass and yield and an increase in leaf senescence. However, there was evidence to indicate a small (significant) increase in the protein content of grain from plants exposed to salt stress (27.28 ± 0.98%) compared with control plants (25.47 ± 0.35%) as well as the nitrogen (N) content of grain (4.36 ± 0.16 and 4.07 ± 0.05% in salt stressed and control plants, respectively).


Abiotic stress, Climate change, Grain quality, Legume, Soil salinity


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Acknowledgements


This research was supported by University of Ciego de Avila (Cuba); Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro (México); Universidad Estatal del Sur de Manabí (Ecuador); and Agricultural Research Council-Tropical and Subtropical Crops (South Africa).


Author Information


Hernández Lázaro
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Center, University of Ciego de Avila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba

Lorente Gustavo
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Center, University of Ciego de Avila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba


Companioni Barbarita
Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Coahuila, México


Martínez Julia
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Center, University of Ciego de Avila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba


Escalante Doris
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Center, University of Ciego de Avila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba

Zevallos-Bravo Byron E.
Universidad Estatal del Sur de Manabí (UNESUM), Jipijapa, Ecuador

Hajari Elliosha
Plant Improvement, Agricultural Research Council-Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Nelspruit, South Africa

,
Acosta Yanier
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Center, University of Ciego de Avila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba

Lorenzo José Carlos
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Center, University of Ciego de Avila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba
lorenzojosecarlos68@gmail.com
Lorente Gustavo
Laboratory for Plant Breeding and Conservation of Genetic Resources, Bioplant Center, University of Ciego de Avila, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba