Aboveground biomass and carbon stock estimation of Melocalamus compactiflorus (Kurz) Benth.: a climbing bamboo of Northeast India


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Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00509-w
First Page: 1544
Last Page: 1549
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Keywords: Branch, Climbing, Culm, Sympodial, Litter


Tropical forests play important role in global carbon cycle and mitigating of global warming through carbon sequestration. Data on carbon stock and sequestration of bamboo species are relatively less focused than other many woody plants. We aimed to study aboveground biomass and carbon stock of three age class (1, 2 and ≥ 3 year) of Melocalamus compactiflorus (Kurz) Benth. using harvest method. Carbon stock was determined from the culm density drawn from requisite number of sample quadrates. Significant variations with respect to culm age were observed in bamboo forests. The ≥ 3 year age class exhibited highest contribution to total culm density. The average culm density was 11,457 culms ha−1 and average DBH and thickness of the culms were 2.14 cm and 4.5 mm respectively. The branch component contributed maximally (48.6%) to total aboveground biomass than the culm component (32.4%) leading to a reduced role of DBH in aboveground biomass. The aboveground biomass carbon stock of M. compactiflorus in the present study ranged from 17.18 to 44.63 Mg C ha−1 with a sequestration rate as high as 27.59 Mg C ha−1 year−1 demonstrating this species as an excellent carbon capture species for forest restoration and climate change mitigation initiatives.

Branch, Climbing, Culm, Sympodial, Litter

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The authors highly acknowledge the funding provided by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, New Delhi (Grant No. DST/IS-STAC/CO2-SR-197/14 (G)) to carry out this work.

Author Information

Devi Angom Sarjubala
Mizoram University, Aizawl, India
Singh Ksh. Suresh
Mizoram University, Aizawl, India