Alteration in physio-biochemical attributes and chlorophyll fluorescence of mungbean caused by arsenic stress

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Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
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Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00421-3
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Keywords: Arsenic, Mungbean, Growth parameters, Photosynthetic pigments, Chlorophyll a fluorescence


Abstract


Mungbean is a highly nutritive pulse crop but vulnerable to various abiotic stresses. Arsenic is highly toxic and carcinogenic pollutant of soil and water. Arsenic interferes with several plant metabolic processes reducing plant productivity. In the present study, the consequences of arsenic stress on germination percentage, growth parameters, photosynthetic pigments and photosynthetic parameters have been reported in four mungbean cultivars (IPM02-14, IPM02-03, RMG 975 and Virat). The mungbean cultivars were sown in soil supplemented with arsenic (0, 15, 30 and 45 µM). The decline in the germination percentage, growth parameters, chlorophyll content, photosynthetic parameters and increased activities of antioxidants under arsenic stress was observed in all the cultivars of mungbean. The cultivar variations were also apparent, the cultivar IPM02-14 performed better than IPM02-03, Virat and RMG 975 for all the studied attributes. The enhanced activity of the cultivar IPM02-14 as compared to other cultivars was due to increased activity of various enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants.


Arsenic, Mungbean, Growth parameters, Photosynthetic pigments, Chlorophyll a fluorescence


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Acknowledgements


The financial support to Sushma Rani provided by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) New Delhi, India is gratefully acknowledged.


Author Information


Rani Sushma
Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith, Tonk, India