Characterisation of carrageenan extracted from fresh and defatted red algae along the Pamban coast, Tamilnadu, India

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email:
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-019-00045-0
First Page: 281
Last Page: 287
Views: 614

Keywords: Red algae, Carrageenan, Kappa, Lamda, Iota


Studies carried out to breakdown the yield and Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectral properties of polysaccharide from Corallina elongata (J.Ellis & Solander), Liagora mannarensis (V.Krishnamurthy & Sundararajan) and Portieria hornemannii (Lyngbye). Carrageenan yield in the range of 16.4 to 24.2% in fresh algae than 14.2 to 23.8% defatted algae was recorded. Spent biomass in the range of 62.0 to 72.0% in fresh algae than 61.2–70.4% defatted algae was recorded. Total sugar, reducing sugar and sulphate were maximum in P. hornemannii (Lyngbye) and minimum in C. elongata (J.Ellis & Solander) having fresh algae carrageenan compared to the defatted algae carrageenan. FTIR spectroscopy study shows that the carrageenan extracted from fresh and defatted C. elongata (J.Ellis & Solander) have both kappa and iota type carrageenan. Fresh and defatted carrageenan from L. mannarensis (V.Krishnamurthy & Sundararajan) and P. hornemannii (Lyngbye) have kappa, lamda and iota type carrageenan.

Red algae, Carrageenan, Kappa, Lamda, Iota

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Author Information

Chidambaram Poonam
Marine Algae Research Division, Post Graduate and Research Department of Botany, Alagappa Government Arts and Science College (Alagappa University), Karaikudi, India

Jeyprakash Archanadevi
Marine Algae Research Division, Post Graduate and Research Department of Botany, Alagappa Government Arts and Science College (Alagappa University), Karaikudi, India

Chinnathambi Pothiraj
Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Melur, India