Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Teucrium luteum subsp. flavovirens essential oil from Northwestern Algeria

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Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00387-2
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Keywords: n Teucrium luteumn , n Flavovirensn , Essential oil, Chemical composition, GC/MS


Abstract


The essential oil (EO) of aerial of Teucrium luteum subsp. flavovirens (Batt.) Greuter & Burdet from Ksour Mountain (Northwestern Algeria) was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography/flame ionization detector (GC/FID) and GC/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). In total, twenty-eight components were identified, representing 98.39% of the total oil containing t-Cadinol (16.33%), Caryophyllene oxide (13.23%); Eudesma-4(15),7-dien-1.β.-ol (7.64%), and β-Pinene (6.77%). Six samples of essential oil of T luteum subsp. flavovirens (TLF) collected from the same location exhibited similar chemical compositions showing a chemical homogeneity. TLF-EO showed the best antimicrobial activity, with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values between 2 and 6 µL/mL. The lowest MIC values (2.0 µL/mL) were measured for Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.


n              Teucrium luteumn            , n              Flavovirensn            , Essential oil, Chemical composition, GC/MS


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Acknowledgements


We thank all the staff of the Laboratory of Sustainable Management of Natural Resources in Aridand Semi-Arid Areas, who helped us in this study. The authors would like to thank B.Gordo (University of Nâama, Algeria) for the identification of the plant material.


Author Information


Gherib Mohammed
Laboratoire Gestion durable des ressources naturelles dans des zones arides et semi-arides, Département de SNV, Institut des sciences et technologies, Centre Universiaire Salhi Ahmed, Naama, Algeria
gmnaama64@gmail.com