Chlorophyll a fluorescence activity and genetic heritability of morphological attributes among mid-early and late-duration indica rice genotypes of Odisha


Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00511-2
First Page: 1180
Last Page: 1190
Views: 1223


Keywords: Morphological traits, OJIP analysis, Oryza sativa genotypes, Phylogeny, PSII activity


Abstract


Selection of suitable rice genotype is very important for higher production of rice in current climate changing environment. Genetic diversity of mid-early (IR87439, Ciherang Sub1, Lalat) and late-duration (IR85086, Savitri Sub1, Mahanadi) varieties of rice (Oryza sativa L.) were analyzed with yield attributing traits along with photosystem II activity. 100-grain weight was significantly high in Ciherang Sub1 (2.77 g) with low grain number per panicle and showed moderately high fertile grain number in IR85086 (2.66 g). Significantly high harvest Index was recorded in Savitri Sub1 with highest plot yield of 83.45 q ha−1 which was 1.15 fold more than Swarna. A significant positive correlation (r = 0.81) was noticed between plant height and leaf area. Plant height, panicle length, flag leaf area had significant positive correlation with 100-grain weight. Significant alteration of chlorophyll a florescent transient leading to photosynthetic efficiency was recorded in the studied genotypes. O-J-I-P analysis revealed significant relative variable fluorescence intensity at ‘J’ transient point among the mid-early and late-duration varieties. Total performance index on absorption basis was found significantly high in mid-early varieties as compared to late-duration varieties. Phylogenetically mid-early and late-duration varieties were grouped separately on the basis of yield attributes. The identified genetically distinct genotype Ciherang Sub1 could be selected for breeding partner with varieties having high grain number and weight to improve grain number per panicle through conventional breeding program. Such study might be useful in assessment of genetic diversity and photosynthetic efficiency for future rice breeding program.


Morphological traits, OJIP analysis, 
                     Oryza sativa genotypes, Phylogeny, PSII activity


*Get Access

(*Only SPR Members can get full access. Click Here to Apply and get access)

Advertisement

References


Acquaah G (2012) Principles of plant genetics and breeding, 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford


Ansari A, Lin Y-P, Lur H-S (2021) Evaluating and adapting climate change impacts on rice production in Indonesia: a case study of the Keduang subwatershed. Central Java Environ 8:117. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments8110117


Bailey-Serres J, Fukao T, Ronald P, Ismail A, Heuer S, Mackill D (2010) Submergence tolerant rice: Sub1’s journey from landrace to modern cultivar. Rice 3:138–147


Chen LS, Cheng L (2009) Photosystem 2 is more tolerant to high temperature in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) leaves than in fruit peel. Photosynthetica 47:112–120


Colmer TD, Voesenek LACJ (2009) Flooding tolerance: suites of plant traits in variable environments. Funct Plant Biol 36:665–681


Das SR (2018) Conventional breeding approaches for enhancing yield potential of rice. Oryza 55:1–17


Dikshit N, Das AB, Sivaraj N, Kar MK (2013) Phenotypic diversity for agro-morphological traits in 105 landraces of rice (Oryza sativa L.) from Santhal Parganas, Jharkhand, India. Proc Natl Acad Sci, India, Sect B Biol Sci 83(3):291–304


Dutta RK, Baset Mia MA, Khanam S (2002) Plant architecture and growth characteristics of fine grain and aromatic rices and their relation with grain yield. Int Rice Comm Newslett 51:51–55


Ghosh P, Roychoudhury A (2020) Aromatic rice: Biochemical and molecular basis of aroma production and stress response. In: Roychoudhary A (ed) Rice research for quality improvement: genomics and genetic engineering: Nutrient biofortification and herbicide and biotic stress resistance in rice, vol 2. Springer, Berlin, pp 373–408


Gómez-Ariza J, Brambilla V, Vicentini G, Landini M, Cerise M, Carrera E, Shrestha R, Chiozzotto R, Galbiati F, Caporali E, López Díaz I, Fornara F (2019) A transcription factor coordinating internode elongation and photoperiodic signals in rice. Nat Plants 5(4):358–362. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-019-0401-4


Hori K et al (2012) Variation in heading date conceals quantitative trait loci for other traits of importance in breeding selection of rice. Breed Sci 62(3):223–234


Hu Y, Fan L, Liu Z, Yu Q, Liang S, Chen S, You L, Wu W, Yang P (2019) Rice production and climate change in Northeast China: evidence of adaptation through land use shifts. Environ Res Lett 14:024014


Ikmal AM, Amira I, Noraziyah AAS (2019) Morpho-physiological responses of rice towards submergence tolerance. Int J Agric Biol 22(1):35–42


Jarvis DI, Brown AHD, Cuong PH et al (2008) A global perspective of the richness and evenness of traditional crop-variety diversity maintained by farming communities. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105:5326–5331


Kalaji HM, Schansker G, Brestic M et al (2017) Frequently asked questions about chlorophyll fluorescence, the sequel. Photosynth Res 132:13–66


Kim Y, Chung YS, Lee E, Tripathi P, Heo S, Kim KH (2020) Root response to drought stress in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Int J Mol Sci 21:1513


Kuanar SR, Molla KA, Chattopadhyay K, Sarkar RK, Mohapatra PK (2019) Introgression of Sub1 (SUB1) QTL in mega rice cultivars increases ethylene production to the detriment of grain-filling under stagnant flooding. Sci Rep 9:18567


Kumar R, Prakash N, Singh UK, Kumar S (2016) K-mean determination of genetic divergence for some morphological and submergence related traits in rice landraces. The Ecoscan 10(1&2):321–325


Mackill DJ (1995) Plant genetic resources: classifying Japonica rice cultivars with RAPD markers. Crop Sci 35:889–894


Mahto RN, Yadava MS, Mohan KS (2003) Genetic variation, character association and path analysis in rainfed upland rice. Indian J Dryland Agric Res Dev 18(2):196–198


Maxwell K, Johnson GN (2000) Chlorophyll fluorescence-a practical guide. J Exp Bot 51:659–668


Murchie EH, Lawson T (2013) Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis: a guide to good practice and understanding some new applications. J Exp Bot 64:3983–3998


Nahar S, Vemireddy LR, Sahoo L, Tanti B (2018) Antioxidant protection mechanisms reveal significant response in drought-induced oxidative stress in some traditional rice of Assam. India. Rice Sci 25(4):185–196


Naik PK, Mohapatra PK (2000) Ethylene inhibitors enhanced sucrose synthase activity and promoted grain filling of basal rice kernels. Funct Plant Biol 27:997–1008


Nghi KN, Tondelli A, Valè G, Tagliani A, Marè C, Perata P, Pucciariello C (2019) Dissection of coleoptile elongation in japonica rice under submergence through integrated genome-wide association mapping and transcriptional analyses. Plant Cell Environ 42:1832–1846


Panda SRK (2012) Role of non-structural carbohydrate and its catabolism associated with SUB1 QTL in rice subjected to complete submergence. Exp Agric 48:502–512


Panda BB, Badoghar AK, Das K, Panigrahi R, Kariali R, Das SR, Dash SK, Shaw BP, Mohapatra PK (2015) Compact panicle architecture is detrimental for growth as well as sucrose synthase activity of developing rice kernels. Funct Plant Biol 42:875–887


Panda D, Behera PK, Mishra S, Mishra BS (2022) Differential drought tolerance responses in short-grain aromatic rice germplasms from Koraput valley of Eastern Ghats of India. Plant Physiol Rep. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-021-00638-5


Prodhan ZH, Shu Q (2020) Rice aroma: a natural gift comes with price and the way forward. Rice Sci 27(2):86–100


Pucciariello C (2020) Molecular mechanisms supporting rice germination and coleoptile elongation under low oxygen. Plants 9:1037. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9081037


Sahoo S, Saha B, Awasthi JP, Omisun T, Borgohain P, Hussain S, Panigrahi J, Panda SK (2019) Physiological introspection into differential drought tolerance in rice cultivars of North East India. Acta Physiol Plant 41:53


Šimić D, Lepeduš H, Jurković V, Antunović J, Cesar V (2014) Quantitative genetic analysis of chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters in maize in the field environments. J Integr Plant Biol 56(7):695–708


Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ (1995) Biometry: The principles and practice of statistics in biological research, 3rd edn. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, pp 321–356


Stirbet A, Govindjee G (2011) On the relation between the Kautsky effect (chlorophyll a fluorescence induction) and photosystem II: basics and applications of the OJIP fluorescence transient. J PhotochemPhotobiol B 104:236–257


Stirbet A, Lazár D, Kromdijk J, Govindjee G (2018) Chlorophyll a fluorescence induction: can just a one second measurement be used to quantify abiotic stress responses. Photosynthetica 56:86–104


Tsai YC, Chen KC, Cheng TS, Lee C, Lin SH, Tung CW (2019) Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis in diverse rice varieties reveals the positive correlation between the seedlings salt tolerance and photosynthetic efficiency. BMC Plant Biol 19:403. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-1983-8


Tsimilli-Michael M, Strasser RJ (2008) In vivo assessment of stress impact on plants’ vitality: applications in detecting and evaluating the beneficial role of mycorrhization on host plants. In: Varma A (ed) Mycorrhiza state of the art, genetics and molecular biology, eco-function, biotechnology, eco-physiology, structure and systematics, 3rd edn. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, pp 679–703


Wangpan T, Taka T, Tangjang S (2018) On-farm diversity of indigenous rice (Oryza sativa L.) Landraces in Border of Eastern Himalaya. Pertanika J Trop Agric Sci 41(1):393–410


Yaqoob M, Hussain N, Rashid A (2012) Assessment of genetic variability in rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes under rainfed conditions. J Agric Res 50:311–319

 


Acknowledgements


The help received from Prof. S. R. Das, Honorary Professor, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, OUAT, Bhubaneswar is highly acknowledged for technical advice and providing germplasms for this experiment.


Author Information


Das Anindita
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, India
aninditadas.k28@gmail.com