Diurnal and seasonal gas exchange characteristics of Jatropha curcas leaves


Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00316-9
First Page: 465
Last Page: 473
Views: 521

Keywords: Diurnal, Jatropha curcas , Photosynthesis, Seasonal, Water relation


The present study aimed to compare the physiological adaptations of Jatropha curcas under two different climatic variables. The leaf gas exchange and photochemical efficiency measurements were performed in the dry (May–June) and rainy season (July–August). During rainy season, Jatropha presented better photosynthetic performance because the conditions of water availability in the soil was slightly more than in the summer season. A greater vapor pressure deficit was measured during the summer season with impaired stomatal dynamics which conferred loss in photosynthesis. As, dry summer season induced photoinhibition of photosynthesis in the leaves of Jatropha curcas around mid-day, with rapid recovery in the afternoon may show significant changes in their photosynthetic activities during the seasonal and diurnal cycles of environmental variables.

                Jatropha curcas
              , Photosynthesis, Seasonal, Water relation

*Pdf Download

(*Only SPR Members can download pdf file; #Open Access;)


Abrar MM, Saqib M, Abbas G, AtiqurRahman M, Mustafa A, Shah SAA, Mehmood K, Maitlo AA, Hassan M, Sun N, Xu M (2020) Evaluating the contribution of growth, physiological, and ionic components towards salinity and drought stress tolerance in Jatropha curcas. Plants. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111574

Cohen JL, Furtado JC, Barlow M, Alexeev VA, Cherry JE (2012) Asymmetric seasonal temperature trends. Geophys Res Lett 39:L04705. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gl050582

Ding L, Wang K, Jiang G, Li YG, Jiang CD, Liu M, Niu S, Peng Y (2006) Diurnal variation of gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence, and xanthophyll cycle components of maize hybrids released in different years. Photosynthetica 44:26–31

Domiciano GP, Kobayashi AK, Molinari HBC, Laviola BG, Alves AA (2018) Photosynthetic performance of contrasting Jatropha curcas genotypes during the flowering and fruiting stages. Pesq Agropec Bras 53:10–21

dos Santos CM, VerÍssimo V, de Wanderley Filho HCL, Ferreira VM, das Cavalcante PGS, Rolim EV, Endres L (2013) Seasonal variations of photosynthesis, gas exchange, quantum efficiency of photosystem II and biochemical responses off Jatropha Curcas L. grown in semi-humid and semi-arid areas subject to water stress. Ind Crops Prod 41:203–213

Duff GA, Myers BA, Williams RJ, Eamus D, O’Grady A, Fordyce I (1997) Seasonal patterns in soil moisture, VPD, tree canopy cover and predawn potential in a northern Australian savanna. Aust J Bot 45:211–224

Eamus D, Cole S (1997) Diurnal and seasonal comparisons of assimilation, phyllode conductance and water potential of three Acacia and one Eucalypt species in the wet-dry tropics of Australia. Aust J Bot 42:33–40

Fini A, Bellasio C, Pollastri S, Tattini M, Ferrini F (2013) Water relations, growth, and leaf gas exchange as affected by water stress in Jatropha curcas. J Arid Environ 89:21–29

Fordyce IR, Duff GA, Eamus D (1997) The water relations of Allosyncarpia ternata at contrasting sites in the monsoonal tropics of northern Australia. Aust J Bot 45:259–274

Franks PJ, Farquhar GD (1999) A relationship between humidity response, growth from and photosynthetic operating point in C3 plants. Plant Cell Environ 22:1337–1349

Fukuzawa Y, Tominaga J, Akashi K, Yabuta S, Ueno M, Kawamitsu Y (2012) Photosynthetic gas exchange characteristics in Jatropha curcas L. Plant Biotechnol 29:155–162

Gao S, Ouyang C, Wang S, Xu LY, Chen TF (2008) Effects of salt stress on growth, antioxidant enzyme and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activities in Jatropha curcas L. seedlings. Plant Soil Environ 54:374–381

Guo XY, Zhangl XS, Huang ZY (2010) Drought tolerance in three hybrid poplar clones submitted to different watering regimes. J Plant Ecol 3:79–87

Hu A, Nie Y, Yu G, Han C, He J, He N, Liu S, Deng J, Shen W, Zhang G (2019) Diurnal temperature variation and plants drive latitudinal patterns in seasonal dynamics of soil microbial community. Front Microbiol 10:674. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00674

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014) Climate change 2013–the physical science basis: working group I contribution to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324

Kant P, Wu S (2011) The extraordinary collapse of Jatropha as a global biofuel. Environ Sci Technol 45:7114–7115

Kheira AAA, Atta NMM (2009) Response of Jatropha curcas L. to water deficits: yield, water use efficiency and oilseed characteristics. Biomass Bioenerg 33:1343–1350

Kosugi Y, Takanashi S, Matsuo N, Abdul RN (2009) Midday depression of leaf CO2 exchange within the crown of Dipterocarpus sublamellatus in a lowland dipterocarp forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Tree Physiol 29:505–515

Lens F, Sperry JS, Christman MA, Choat B, Rabaey D, Jansen S (2011) Testing hypotheses that link wood anatomy to cavitation resistance and hydraulic conductivity in the genus Acer. New Phytol 190:709–723

Li H, Zhang GC, Xie HC, Li K, Zhang SY (2015) The effects of the phenol concentrations on photosynthetic parameters of Salix babylonica L. Photosynthetica 53:430–435

Liang Y, Jiang Y, Wang F, Wen C, Deng Y, Xue K, Qin Y, Yang Y, Wu L, Zhou J, Sun B (2015) Long-term soil transplant simulating climate change with latitude significantly alters microbial temporal turnover. ISME J 9:2561–2572

Medlyn BE, Loustau D, Delzon S (2002) Temperature response of parameters of a biochemically based model of photosynthesis. I. Seasonal changes in mature maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.). Plant Cell Environ 25:1155–1165

Meng Y, Caiyan L, George F, Harinder PSM (2009) Current situation and prospects of Jatropha curcas as a multipurpose tree in China. Agroforest Syst 76:487–497

Mielke RE, Pace DL, Porter T, Southam G (2003) A critical stage in the formation of acid mine drainage: colonization of pyrite by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans under pH-neutral conditions. Geobiology 1:81–90

Myers B, Duff GA, Eamus D, Fordyce I, O’Grady A, Williams RJ (1997) Seasonal variations in water relations of trees of differing phenology in a wet–dry tropical savanna near Darwin, NT. Aust J Bot 45:225–240

Niinemets U, Oja V, Kull O (1999) Shape of leaf photosynthetic electron transport versus temperature response curve is not constant along canopy light gradients in temperate deciduous trees. Plant Cell Environ 22:1497–1513

Pearson M, Georgina LB (1995) The influence of elevated CO2 on growth and age-related changes in leaf gas exchange. J Exp Bot 46:1651–1659

Pompelli MF, Barata-Luís R, Vitorino HS, Goncalves ER, Rolim EV, Santos MG, Almeida-Cortez JS, Ferreira VM, Lemos EE, Endres L (2010) Photosynthesis, photoprotection and antioxidant activity of purging nut under drought deficit and recovery. Biomass Bioenerg 34:1207–1215

Pons TL (2012) Interaction of temperature and irradiance effects on photosynthetic acclimation in two accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana. Photosynth Res 113:207–219

Prior L, Eamus D, Duff GA (1997) Seasonal and diurnal patterns of carbon assimilation, stomatal conductance, leaf water potential of Eucalyptus tetrodonta saplings in a wet–dry savanna in Northern Australia. Aust J Bot 45:241–258

Qadir M, Quillérou E, Nangia V, Murtaza G, Singh M, Thomas RJ, Drechsel P, Noble AD (2014) Economics of salt-induced land degradation and restoration. Nat Res Forum 38:282–295

Ribeiro RV, Machado EC, Santos MG, Oliveira RF (2009) Seasonal and diurnal changes in photosynthetic limitation of young sweet orange trees. Environ Exp Bot 66:203–211

Saibo NJM, Lourenco T, Oliveira MM (2009) Transcription factors and regulation of photosynthetic and related metabolism under environmental stresses. Ann Bot 103:609–623

Shirke PA, Pathre UV (2003) Diurnal and seasonal changes in photosynthesis and photosystem 2 photochemical efficiency in Prosopis juliflora leaves subjected to natural environmental stress. Photosynthetica 41:83–89

Singh M, Chaturvedi R, Sane PV (1996) Diurnal and seasonal photosynthetic characteristics of Populus deltoides Marsh. Leaves Photosynthatica 32:11–21

Singh M, Ranjan S, Verma KK, Pathre UV, Shirke PA (2014) Photosynthetic characteristics of red and green leaves in growing seedlings of Jatropha curcas. Turk J Biol 38:457–468

Song Y, Chen Q, Ci D, Shao X, Zhang D (2014) Effects of high temperature on photosynthesis and related gene expression in poplar. BMC Plant Biol 14:111. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-14-111

Valladares F, Pearcy RW (1997) Interactions between water stress, sun-shade acclimation, heat tolerance and photoinhibition in the sclerophyll Heteromeles arbutifolia. Plant Cell Environ 20:25–36

Verma KK, Singh M, Verma CL (2012) Developing a mathematical model for variation of physiological responses of Jatropha curcas leaves depending on leaf positions under soil flooding. Acta Physiol Plant 34:1435–1443

Verma KK, Singh M, Gupta RK, Verma CL (2014) Photosynthetic gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence, antioxidant enzymes and growth responses of Jatropha curcas L. during soil flooding. Turk J Bot 38:130–140

Verma KK, Verma CL, Singh M (2021) Developing mathematical model for diurnal variations of photosynthetic responses in Jatropha curcas L. under soil flooding. Vegetos 34:212–219

Vitolo HF, De Souza GM, Silveira JAG (2012) Cross-scale multivariate analysis of physiological responses to high temperature in two tropical crops with C3 and C4 metabolism. Environ Exp Bot 80:54–62

von Caemmerer S, Farquhar GD (1981) Some relationships between the biochemistry of photosynthesis and the gas exchange of leaves. Planta 153:376–387

Vongcharoen K, Santanoo S, Banterng P, Jogloy S, Vorasoot N, Theerakulpisut P (2019) Diurnal and seasonal variations in the photosynthetic performance and chlorophyll fluorescence of cassava ‘Rayong 9’ under irrigated and rainfed conditions. Photosynthetica 57:268–285

Yu DJ, Kim SJ, Lee HJ (2009) Stomatal and non-stomatal limitations to photo-synthesis in field-grown grapevine cultivars. Biol Plant 53:133–137

Zhou J, Deng Y, Shen L, Wen C, Yan Q, Ning D, Qin Y, Xue K, Wu L, He Z, Voordeckers JW, Van Nostrand JD, Buzzard V, Michalz ST, Enquist BJ, Weiser MD, Kaspari M, Waide R, Yang Y, Brown JH (2016) Temperature mediates continental-scale diversity of microbes in forest soils. Nat Commun 7:12083. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12083



A Senior Research Fellowship provided to Sanjay Ranjan by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India, is gratefully acknowledged. We shall always remain grateful to Dr. P.V. Sane, Fellow National Academy of Sciences (FNA), India, the former Director NBRI, Lucknow and Dr. Rekha Chaturvedi for their time to time guidance.

Author Information

Ranjan Sanjay
Division of Plant Physiology, CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, India

Verma Krishan K.
Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India