Foliar application of bio-stimulants or plant growth promoters enhances nitrogen use efficiency. VIUSID® has been known as a common growth promoter supplement and is composed of amino acids, vitamins, and minerals; and used to increase production of many crops. However, limited information is available on combined application of VIUSID® with nitrogen fertilizers in crop production. To test the hypothesis on effects of VIUSID® in combination with nitrogen levels on growth and yield of fodder maize, the experiments were conducted during Spring cropping season 2019 at Faculty of Agronomy, Vietnam National University of Agriculture. The combinations of three nitrogen application levels (N1-150 kgN ha−1, N2-120 kgN ha−1, and N3-90kgN ha−1) and two VIUSID® application doses (P0: none-VIUSID® and P1: VIUSID® application with dose of 0.9 L−1 ha−1) were treated. The interaction effects of VIUSID® spraying and nitrogen fertilizer levels on growth and yield of fodder maize showed statistically significant results at 5% probability level. The highest green matter yield (60.12ton ha−1) was obtained by the use of 0.9L VIUSID® 150 kg N ha−1 nitrogen fertilizer. Whereas N2P1 and N1P0 showed statistically similar yield. These results could provide a solid foundation for further cultivation of fodder maize under combination of VIUSID® and nitrogen application.
Abdel-Lattif HM, Absy R, Atta MM (2018) Effect of growth promoter supplement on yield and grain quality of maize (Zea mays L). Egypt J Agron 40(2):165–180
Abido WAE, Seadh SE, Abdulrahman DRA (2017) How inorganic nitrogen fertilization and foliar sprayed treatments affect grain quality of maize. Sci Int 5(1):17–23
Andrade AC, Fonseca DM, Queiroz DS, Salgado LT, Cecon PR (2003) Adubação nitrogenada e potássica em capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum Schum. cv. Napier). Ciência e Agrotecnologia 2:1643–1651
Anonymous (2017) Catalysis, VIUSID® agro, promotor del crecimiento. http://www.catalysisagrovete.com. Accessed Mar 2017.
Ayub M, Nadeem MA, Sharar MS, Mahmood N (2002) Response of maize (Zea mays L.) fodder to different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. Asian J Plant Sci 1:352–354
Ba NX, Lane PA, Parsons D, Van NH, Khanh HLP, Corfield JP, Tuan DT (2013) Forages improve livelihoods of smallholder farmers with beef cattle in South Central Coastal Vietnam. Trop Grassl 1(2):225–229
Calzada KP, Fernández JCR, Sotolongo MS, Viciedo DO, Expósito CDV, Hernández RD (2017) Effects of a growth promoter on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) crops in Sancti Spíritus province, Cuba. Acta Agron 66(3):360–366.
Catalysis (2014) VIUSID® agro, promotor del crecimiento. Internet (cited 2014 March 20. Available from: http:// www.catalysisagrovete.com.
Delevatti LM, Cardoso AS, Barbero RP, Leite RG, Romanzini EP, Ruggieri AC, Reis RA (2019) Effect of nitrogen application rate on yield, forage quality, and animal performance in a tropical pasture. Sci Rep 9:7596
El-shafey A, Elhawary M (2016) Integrated effect of bio-organic and/or nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays). Zagazig J Agric Res 43(4):1105–1119
Galindo FS, Teixeira Filho MCM, Buzetti S, Pagliari PH, Santini JMK (2019) Maize yield response to nitrogen rates and sources associated with Azospirillum brasilense. Agron J 111:1985–1997
Gao C, El-Sawah AM, Ali DFI, Hamoud YA, Shaghaleh H, Sheteiwy MS (2020) The integration of bio and organic fertilizers improve plant growth, grain yield, quality and metabolism of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.). Agronomy 10:319
Giannattasio M, Vendramin E, Fornasier F, Alberghini S, Zanardo M, Stellin F, Concheri G, Stevanato P, Ertani A, Nardi S, Rizzi V, Piffanelli P, Spaccini R, Mazzei P, Piccolo A, Squartini A (2013) Microbiological features and bioactivity of a fermented manure product (Preparation 500) used in biodynamic agriculture. J Microb Biotech 23:644–651
Gómez-Kosky R, Jaramillo DN, Esquiro CR, Villegas AB, Calimano MB, Armas PM, Machado FJÁ, Pineda E, Kukurtcu B, Daniels DD (2019) Effect of VIUSID Agro® and FitoMas-E® on the ExVitro Acclimatization of Sugarcane Plants (Saccharum spp.) Cultivar C90–469. Sugar Tech 22:42–51
Ha NN, Huynh D, Ty DT, Phan PT (1996) Evaluation of some forage crops in smallholder of Vietnam. Fifth proceedings: forage regional working group of South East Asia. pp 61–66
Ha PQ (2010) Carbon in Vietnamese soils and experiences to improve carbon stock in soil. In: Proc. of Int. Workshop on Evaluation and sustainable management of soil carbon Sequestration in Asian Countries. Bogor, Indonesia Sept. 28–29.
Iqbal A, Ayub M, Akbar N, Ahmad R (2006) Growth and forage yield response of maize-legume mixed cropping to different sowing techniques. Pak J Agric Res 43:126–130
Khan A, Munsif F, Akhtar K, Afridi MZ, Zahoor AZ, Fahad S, Ullah R, Khan FA, Din M (2014) Response of fodder maize to various levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. Am J Plant Sci 5:2323–2329
Khanh HLP, Ba NX, Van NH, Corfield JP, Parsons D, Tung HV, Tuan DT (2014) Influence of labour saving in uptake of improved forage technologies by smallholder farmers in south central Vietnam. In: Proceedings of the 16th AAAP Animal Science Congress, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 10–14 November 2014, pp 1126–1129
Martuscello JA, Silva LPD, Cunha DDNFV, Batista ACDS, Braz TGDS, Ferreira PS (2015) Nitrogen fertilization in massaigrass: Production and morphogenesis. Ciênc Anim Bras 16(1):1–13
McCarthy B, Delaby L, Pierce KM, McCarthy J, Fleming C, Brennan A, Horan B (2016) The multi-year cumulative effects of alternative stocking rate and grazing management practices on pasture productivity and utilization efficiency. J Dairy Sci 99(5):3784–3797
McRoberts KC, Parsons D, Ketterings QM, Hai TT, Quan NH, Ba NX, Nicholson CF, Cherney DJR (2017) Urea and comosted cattle manure afect forage yield and nutritive value in sandy soils of south-central Vietnam. Grass Forage Sci 73(1):132–145
Paul BK, Koge J, Maass BL, Notenbaert A, Peters M, Groot JCJ, Tittonell P (2020) Tropical forage technologies can deliver multiple benefits in Sub-Saharan Africa. A meta-analysis. Agron Sustain Dev 40:22
Peña K, Rodríguez JC, Olivera D, Meléndrez J, Rodríguez L, García R, Rodríguez L (2017) Effects of a growth promoter on different vegetable crops. Intern J Dev Res 7(2):11737–11743
Peña K, Rodríguez JC, Olivera D, Calero A, Dorta R, Meléndrez JF, Veloso YF, Kukurtcu B (2018) Effect of the growth promoter VIUSID Agro on the morphophysiological and productive performance of tobacco growth (Nicotiana tabacum L.). J Agric Sci Technol B 8(3): 67–177
Peters M, Horne P, Schmidt A, Holmann F, Kerridge PC, Tarawali SA, Schultze-Kraft R, Lascano CE, Argel P, Stür W, Fujisaka S, Müller-Sämann K, Wortmann C (2001) The role of forages in reducing poverty and degradation of natural resources in tropical production systems. Agricultural Research and Extension Network Paper 117. Overseas Development Institute, London. 12 p
Philp JNM, Vance W, Bell RW, Chhay T, Boyd D, Phimphachanhvongsod V, Denton MD (2019) Forage options to sustainably intensify smallholder farming systems on tropical sandy soils. A Review. Agron Sustain Dev 39:30
Pordeus AV, Moraes LA, Medeiros DO, Benitez LC (2020) Growth response of hydroponic Lactuca sativa L. to Application of fertilizer organic VIUSID® Agro®. J Agric Sci 12(11): 268–274
Stida WF, Almeida BDO, Daher RF, Moraes CRO, Vidal AKF, Freitas RS, Tardin FD, Menez BRS, Furlani EP, Vivas M (2018) Effect of nitrogen and potassium fertilization doses on elephant-grass genotypes for energy purposes. J Agric Sci 10(10):446–459
Stür W, Khanh TT, Duncan A (2013) Transformation of smallholder beef cattle production in Vietnam. Int J Agric Sustain 11(4):363–381
Stür WW, Horne PM, Phengsavanh P, Gabunada F, Khanh TT, Connell J (2007) Planted forages-the key for making money from smallholder livestock production: experiences from CIAT’s forage R&D in Southeast Asia. In: Hare MD, Wongpichet K (eds) Forages-a pathway to prosperity for smallholder farmers. Proceedings of a forage symposium, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand, 5–7 March 2007, pp 313–331
Ullah MA, Anwar M, Rana AS (2010) Effect of nitrogen fertilization and harvesting intervals on the yield and forage quality of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) undermesic climate of Pothowar plateau. Pak J Agric Sci 47:231–234
Vu HV, Li X, Wang M, Liu R, Zhang G, Liu W, Xia B, Sun Q (2019) Dynamics of fungal community during silage fermentation of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) produced in northern Vietnam. Anim Biosci 32(7):996–1006
Wouters B, Lee JVD, Thieu NQ, Man NV, Quang NMV (2013) Improved forage strategies for high-yielding dairy cows in Vietnam - Report of a Workshop, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam July 2013
Yassen AA, Adam SM, Zaghloul SM (2011) Impact of nitrogen fertilizer and foliar spray of selenium on growth, yield and chemical constituents of potato plants. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 5(11):1296–1303