Essential oil composition and comparative phytotoxic activity of fennel, summer savory, Mexican marigold and feverfew: a potential bioherbicide

, , ,


Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00325-8
First Page: 502
Last Page: 510
Views: 375


Keywords: Phytotoxicity, Essential oil, Carvacrol, Camphor, Dihydro-tagetone, (E)-anethole, Germination


Abstract


Due to the negative impacts of synthetic herbicides on environment and human health, using natural products such as plant derivatives are getting more attention. This investigation was conducted to compare the herbicidal effects of essential oils from Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum, Satureja hortensis L., Tagetes minuta L., and Tanacetum parthenium L. against two noxious weeds, Hordeum spontaneum L. and Amaranthus retroflexus L. The suppressive effects of essential oils at different concentrations (0. 100, 200, 400, 600 and 800 µL L−1) on seed germination and seedling growth of the aforesaid weeds were tested. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis of the tested essential oils showed that (E)-anethole (84.32%) and γ-terpinene (59.75%) were the major oil constituents of F. vulgare var. azoricum and S. hortensis, respectively. Dihydro-tagetone (62.57%) comprised the major component of T. minuta and camphor (56.63%) was the main constituent of T. parthenium. All examined essential oils strongly inhibited the germination and primary growth of the tested weeds. Lowest germination percentage of H. spontaneum and A. retroflexus were observed when treated with T. parthenium and T. minuta, respectively. Findings of the present study showed that studied essential oils can be used as potentially natural herbicides.

Graphical abstract


Phytotoxicity, Essential oil, Carvacrol, Camphor, Dihydro-tagetone, (E)-anethole, Germination


*Pdf Download Buy Printed Copy

(*Only SPR Members can download pdf file; #Open Access;)

References


Adams RP (2007) Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, vol 456. Allured Publishing Corporation, Carol Stream


Alipour M, Saharkhiz MJ (2016) Phytotoxic activity and variation in essential oil content and composition of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) during different phenological growth stages. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 7:271–278


Bhatt G, Nagarkoti RS, Kholiya S, Tiwari A, Verma SK, Verma RS, Darokar MP, Padalia RC (2021) Chemical and antibacterial activity evaluation of Alpinia calcarata and Alpinia zerumbet grown in foothills agroclimatic conditions of Northern India. Open Bioact Compd J 9(1):15–19


Chandra M, Prakash O, Kumar R, Bachheti RK, Bhushan B, Kumar M, Pant AK (2017) β-Selinene-rich essential oils from the parts of Callicarpa macrophylla and their antioxidant and pharmacological activities. Medicines 4(3):52


Costea M, Weaver SE, Tardif FJ (2004) The biology of Canadian weeds. 130. Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. powellii S. Watson and A. hybridus L. Can J Plant Sci 84:631–668


De Almeida LFR, Frei F, Mancini E, De Martino L, De Feo V (2010) Phytotoxic activities of mediterranean essential oils. Molecules 15:4309–4323


Essien EE, Aboaba SO, Ogunw IA (2011) Constituents and antimicrobial properties of the leaf essential oil of Gossypium barbadense (Linn.). J Med Plants Res 5(5):702–705


Farzadfar S, Zarinkamar F, Hojati M (2017) Magnesium and manganese affect photosynthesis, essential oil composition and phenolic compounds of Tanacetum parthenium. Plant Physiol Biochem 112:207–217


Flamini G, Cosimi E, Cioni PL, Molfetta I, Braca A (2014) Essential-oil composition of Daucus carota ssp. major (Pastinocello Carrot) and nine different commercial varieties of Daucus carota ssp. sativus fruits. Chem Biodivers 11(7):1022–1033


Gavanji S, Zaker SR, Nejad ZG, Bakhtari A, Bidabadi ES, Larki B (2015) Comparative efficacy of herbal essences with amphotricin B and ketoconazole on Candida albicans in the in vitro condition. Integr Med Res 4:112–118


Giarratana F, Muscolino D, Ziino G, Giuffrida A, Marotta SM, Lo Presti V, Chiofalo V, Panebianco A (2017) Activity of Tagetes minuta Linnaeus (Asteraceae) essential oil against L3 Anisakis larvae type 1. Asian Pac J Trop Med 10(5):461–465


Gulluce M, Sokmen M, Daferera D, Agar G, Ozkan H, Kartal N et al (2003) In vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extracts of herbal parts and callus cultures of Satureja hortensis L. J Agric Food Chem 51:3958–3965


Hadian J, Nejad Ebrahimi S, Salehi P (2010) Variability of morphological and phytochemical characteristics among Satureja hortensis L. accessions of Iran. Ind Crops Prod 32:62–69


Hazrati H, Saharkhiz MJ, Niakousari M, Moein M (2017) Natural herbicide activity of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil nanoemulsion on the seed germination and morphophysiological features of two important weed species. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 142(2017):423–430


Karimian P, Kavoosi GH, Amirghofran Z (2014) Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of Tagetes minuta essential oil in activated macrophages. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 4(3):219–227


Khosravi AR, Shokri H, Farahnejat Z, Chalangari R, Katalin M (2013) Antimycotic efficacy of Iranian medicinal plants towards dermatophytes obtained from patients with dermatophytosis. Chin J Nat Med 11(1):43–48


Kyarimpa CM, Bohmdorfer S, Wasswa J, Kiremire BT, Ndiege IO, Kabasa JD (2014) Essential oil and composition of Tagetes minuta from Uganda. Larvicidal activityon Anopheles gambiae. Ind Crops Prod 62:400–404


Lopez ML, Bonzani NE, Zygadlo JA (2009) Allelopathic potential of Tagetes minuta terpenes by a chemical, anatomical and phytotoxic approach. Biochem Syst Ecol 36:882–890


Mahdavikia F, Saharkhiz MJ (2015) Phytotoxic activity of essential oil and water extract of peppermint (Mentha × piperita L. CV. Mitcham). J Appl Res Med Aromat Plants 2:146–153


Mirjalili MH, Salehi P, Sonboli A, Mohammadi VM (2007) Essential oil composition of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) in wild and cultivated populations from Iran. Chem Nat Compd 43(2):218–220


Moghtader M (2013) Comparative survey on the essential oil composition from the seeds and flowers of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. from Kerman province. J Hortic for 5(3):37–40


Negahban M, Msaada K, Tafazoli E, Zakerin A (2013) Effect of foliar application of diammonium phosphate on morphological characteristics and constituents of essential oil of Mexican marigold (Tagetes minuta L.). Med Arom Plant Sci Biotech 7:11–18


Nosratti I, Sabeti P, Chaghamirzaee G, Heidari H (2020) Weed problems, challenges, and opportunities in Iran. Crop Prot 134:104371


Okamoto Y, Yamahi K, Kobayashi K (2011) Allelopathic activity of camphor released from camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora). Allelopathy J 27:123–132


Rezaei F, Jamei R, Heidari R (2017) Evaluation of the phytochemical and antioxidant potential of aerial parts of Iranian Tanacetum parthenium. Pharm Sci 23(2):136–142


Rezaei S, Ebadi MT, Ghobadian B, Ghomi H (2021) Optimization of DBD-Plasma assisted hydro-distillation for essential oil extraction of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) seed and spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) leaf. J Appl Res Med Aromat Plants 24:100300


Rolli E, Marieschi M, Maietti S, Sacchetti G, Bruni R (2014) Comparative phytotoxicity of 25 essential oils on pre- and post-emergence development of Solanum lycopersicum L.: a multivariate approach. Ind Crops Prod 60:280–290


Saharkhiz MJ, Ashiri F, Salehi MR et al (2009) Allelopathic potential of essential oils from Carum copticum L., Cuminum cyminum L., Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Zataria multiflora Boiss. J Med Plant Sci Biotechnol 3:32–35


Saharkhiz MJ, Esmaeili S, Merikhi M (2010) Essential oil analysis and phytotoxic activity of two ecotypes of Zataria multiflora Boiss. growing in Iran. Nat Prod Res 24:1598–1609


Sajjadi SE (2006) Analysis of the essential oils of two cultivated basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) from Iran. DARU J Pharm Sci 14(3):128–130


Salamci E, Kordali S, Kotan R, Cakir A, Kaya Y (2007) Chemical compositions, antimicrobial and herbicidal effects of essential oils isolated from Turkish Tanacetum aucheranum and Tanacetum chiliophyllum var. chiliophyllum. Biochem Syst Ecol 35:569–581


Scrivanti LR, Zunino MP, Zygadlo JA (2003) Tagetes minuta and Schinus areira essential oils as allelopathic agents. Biochem Syst Ecol 31:563–572


Sibanda S, Chigwada G, Poole M, Gwebu ET, Noletto JA, Schmidt JM, Rea AI, Setzer WN (2004) Composition and bioactivity of the leaf essential oil of Heteropyxis dehniae from Zimbabwe. J Ethnopharmacol 92(1):107–111


Synowiec A, Kalemba D, Drozdek D, Bocianowski J (2017) Phytotoxic potential of essential oils from temperate climate plants against the germination of selected weeds and crops. J Pest Sci 90:407–419


Taban A, Saharkhiz MJ (2015) Natural phytotoxic activity of water extracts and dried leaf powders of three Satureja species. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 4(4):594–602


Taban A, Rahimi MJ, Saharkhiz MJ, Hadian J, Zomorodian K (2013a) Satureja khuzestanica essential oil treatments for eliminating E. colio157:H7 from alfalfa seed prior to sprouting. J Food Saf 33:121–127


Taban A, Saharkhiz MJ, Hadian J (2013b) Allelopathic potential of essential oils from four Satureja spp. Biol Agric Hortic 29:244–257


Taban A, Saharkhiz MJ, Hooshmandi M (2017) Insecticidal and repellent activity of three Satureja species against adult red flour beetles, Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Acta Ecol Sin 37:201–206


Tadrent W, Benteldjoune M, Laggoune S, Benmerache A, Kabouche A, Semra Z, Kabouche Z (2014) Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Cotula anthemoides. Chem Nat Compd 50(4):744–746


Taheri Shirazi M, Gholami H, Kavoosi G, Rowshan V, Tafsiry A (2014) Chemical composition, antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of Tagetes minuta and Ocimum basilicum essential oils. Food Sci Nutr 2(2):146–155


Tahtiharju S, Rijpkema SA, Vetterli A, Albert AV, Teeri HT, Elomaa P (2012) Evolution and diversification of the CYC/TB1 gene family in Asteraceae—a comparative study in Gerbera (Mutisieae) and Sunflower (Heliantheae). Mol Biol Evol 29(4):1155–1166


Ulukanli Z, Demirci S, Yilmaztekin M (2017) Essential oil constituents of Tanacetum cilicicum: antimicrobial and phytotoxic activities. J Food Qual 2017, Article ID 6214896, 11 pp


Vasilakoglou I, Dhima K, Paschalidis K, Ritzoulis C (2013) Herbicidal potential on Lolium rigidum of nineteen major essential oil components and their synergy. J Essent Oil Res 25(1):1–10


Velasco-Negueruela A, Pérez-Alonso MJ, De Paz PP, Palá-Paúl J, Sanz J (2006) Analysis by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry of the volatiles from the fruits of Ammodaucus leucotrichus subsp. leucotrichus and subsp. nanocarpus grown in North Africa and the Canary Islands, respectively. J Chromatogr A 1108(2):273–275


Vyvyan JR (2002) Allelochemicals as leads for new herbicides and agrochemicals. Tetrahedron 58:1631–1636










 


Acknowledgements



Author Information


Taban Azin
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

Rastegar Somayeh
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


Nasirzadeh Marzyeh
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


Saharkhiz Mohammad Jamal
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

Saharkhiz@shirazu.ac.ir