Evaluation of bioactive compounds from Boswellia serrata against SARS-CoV-2

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00318-7
First Page: 404
Last Page: 414
Views: 481


Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, Boswellia serrata , Molecular docking, Phytocompounds, Autodock


Abstract


With the COVID-19 pandemic still wreaking havoc worldwide, new variants being discovered every month in some parts of the globe due to the mutating nature of the virus. There is no specific solution for this highly transmissible disease. In search of a lead molecule for the discovery and development of drug, extensive research is being conducted throughout the world. Many synthetic drugs are already in clinical trials and some are utilized for the treatment of this viral infection. Apart from synthetic drugs, phytocompounds from plants act as a potential drug candidate which can inhibit the growth of virus and thus able to prevent the viral infection. In this study, 26 ligands (bioactive compounds) from Boswellia serrata (an important medicinal plant) were tested against SARS-CoV-2 by using computational method. Selected ligands were shortlisted using Lipinski’s rule and then subjected to molecular docking against one of the main proteins of SARS-CoV-2, i.e., Mpro. Out of these compounds, Euphane, Ursane, α-Amyrin, Phytosterols, and 2,3-Dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid were potential to inhibit the Mpro activity with binding energies of − 10.47 kcal/mol, − 10.41 kcal/mol, − 9.99 kcal/mol, − 9.94 kcal/mol and − 9.72 kcal/mol respectively. A comparative study was performed using the best five ligands against four possible drug targets of SARS-CoV-2. It was found that Euphane showed highest negative binding energy against all the four crucial targets of SARS-CoV-2. Further, in-vitro experimentation is required to validate the use of Euphane as a potent drug against SARS-CoV-2.



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Acknowledgements



Author Information


Roy Arpita
Department of Biotechnology, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India
arbt2014@gmail.com
Menon Tarunya
Department of Biotechnology, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India