Shelf life extension of Grewia berries using layer-by-layer edible coatings

, , , ,


Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Website:www.vegetosindia.org
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00527-8
First Page: 1326
Last Page: 1336
Views: 1453


Keywords: Phalsa, n Grewia subinequinalisn , CMC, Soy protein isolate, PME activity, Anthocyanins, Storage


Abstract


Phalsa (Grewia subinequalis L.) berries also known as Dhamani/Star apple are dark purplish in colour, tiny, tender and acidic in taste. These berries are highly perishable and have poor storage life (< 2 days) under ambient conditions. Different combinations of edible coating materials based on polysaccharides, protein and lipids were applied to Phalsa to extend their shelf life. The use of locally available materials like Aloe vera, guar gum, and aonla juice was also considered. Besides these, two layer-by-layer coatings (LBL) were also applied on berries and kept under refrigerated conditions (4 ± 2 °C) for storage upto 9 days. All coating treatments were found significantly effective in minimizing quality deterioration compared to control. Our findings suggest that LBL coatings are more effective in maintaining quality whilst coatings from locally available resources can also help in extending their shelf life moderately (6 days). LBL based coatings yielded effective results, providing phalsa fruits with good appearance, reduced physiological loss in weight (9.3% compared to 14.11% in control) and respiration rate (5.7% lower). Higher firmness (52%), reducing sugars (32.38%) and better colouration were recorded for LBL coated fruits over conventional coatings. LBL coating based on soy protein isolate-CMC could effectively extend the shelf life upto 7 days under refrigerated conditions.


Phalsa, n              Grewia subinequinalisn            , CMC, Soy protein isolate, PME activity, Anthocyanins, Storage


*Get Access

(*Only SPR Members can get full access. Click Here to Apply and get access)

Advertisement

References


Ali S, Khan AS, Malik AU, Anjum MA, Nawaz A, Shah HM (2019) Modified atmosphere packaging delays enzymatic browning and maintains quality of harvested litchi fruit during low temperature storage. Sci Hortic 254:14–20


Arnon H, Zaitsev Y, Porat R, Poverenov E (2014) Effects of carboxymethyl cellulose and chitosan bilayer edible coating on postharvest quality of citrus fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 87:21–26


Ascencio-Arteaga A, Luna-Suárez S, Cárdenas-Valdovinos JG, Oregel-Zamudio E, Oyoque-Salcedo G, Ceja-Díaz JA, Angoa-Pérez MV, Mena-Violante HG (2022) Shelf life of blackberry fruits (Rubus fruticosus) with edible coatings based on candelilla wax and guar gum. Horticulturae 8(7):574


Braich AK, Kaur G, Singh A, Dar BN (2022) Amla essential oil-based nano-coatings of amla fruit: Analysis of morphological, physiochemical, enzymatic parameters, and shelf-life extension. J Food Process Preserv 46(6):e16498


Chiabrando V, Giacalone G (2016) Effect of chitosan and sodium alginate edible coatings on the postharvest quality of fresh-cut nectarines during storage. Fruits 71(2):79–85


Dave R, Rao TR, Nandane AS (2016) RSM-based optimization of edible-coating formulations for preserving postharvest quality and enhancing storability of phalsa (Grewia asiatica L.). J Food Process Preserv 40(3):509–520


de Oliveira MM, de Souza SK, Mauro MA (2021) Evaluation of interactions between carboxymethylcellulose and soy protein isolate and their effects on the preparation and characterization of composite edible films. Food Biophys 16(2):214–228


Gol NB, Patel PR, Rao TR (2013) Improvement of quality and shelf-life of strawberries with edible coatings enriched with chitosan. Postharvest Biol Technol 85:185–195


Hassan B, Chatha SAS, Hussain AI, Zia KM, Akhtar N (2018) Recent advances on polysaccharides, lipids and protein based edible films and coatings: a review. Int J Biol Macromol 109:1095–1107


Hazarika TK, Marak T (2022) Salicylic acid and oxalic acid in enhancing the quality and extending the shelf life of grape cv. Thompson seedless. Food Sci Technol Int 28(6):463–475


Kumar P, Sethi S, Sharma RR, Srivastav M, Varghese E (2017) Effect of chitosan coating on postharvest life and quality of plum during storage at low temperature. Sci Hortic 226:104–109


Lamo K, Bhat DJ, Bakshi P, Wali VK (2020) Exogenously applied plant growth regulators enhanced the growth, yield, quality and shelf life of phalsa. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 9(3):640–646


Li L, Sun J, Gao H, Shen Y, Li C, Yi P, Tang Y (2017) Effects of polysaccharide-based edible coatings on quality and antioxidant enzyme system of strawberry during cold storage. Int J Polymer Sci 2017:9746174. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9746174


Lohani S, Trivedi PK, Nath P (2004) Changes in activities of cell wall hydrolases during ethylene-induced ripening in banana: effect of 1-MCP, ABA and IAA. Postharvest Biol Technol 31(2):119–126


Nandane AS, Jain RK (2011) Effect of composite edible coating on physicochemical properties of tomatoes stored at ambient conditions. Int J Adv Eng Technol 2:211–217


Nunes MCN, Brecht JK, Morais AMMB, Sargent SA (1998) Controlling temperature and water loss to maintain ascorbic acid levels in strawberries during postharvest handling. J Food Sci 63:1033–1036


Paniagua AC, East AR, Hindmrsh JP, Heyes JA (2013) Moisture loss is the major cause of firmness change during postharvest storage of blueberry. Postharvest Biol Technol 79:13–19


Poverenov E, Danino S, Horev B, Granit R, Vinokur Y, Rodov V (2014) Layer-by-layer electrostatic deposition of edible coating on fresh cut melon model: anticipated and unexpected effects of alginate–chitosan combination. Food Bioprocess Technol 7(5):1424–1432


Qamar M, Akhtar S, Ismail T, Sestil P, Tawab A, Ahmed N (2020) Anticancer and anti-inflammatory perspectives of Pakistan’s indigenous berry Grewia asiatica Linn (Phalsa). J Berry Res 10(1):115–131


Ramirez JD, Aristizábal ID, Restrepo JI (2013) Blackberry conservation through the application of edible coating of aloe vera mucilaginous gel. Vitae Rev Fac Química Farm 20:172–183


Ramirez ME, Timón ML, Petrón MJ, Andrés AI (2015) Effect of chitosan, pectin and sodium caseinate edible coatings on shelf life of fresh-cut Prunus persica var nectarine. J Food Process Preserv 39(6):2687–2697


Ranganna S (1986) Handbook of analysis and quality control for fruit and vegetable products. Tata McGraw-Hill Education, New York


Ray A, Bala K (2016) Effects of storage conditions on sensory attributes of phalsa fruit (Grewia asiatica) of variety sharbati. In: International conference on recent innovation in sciences, management, education and technology, pp 675–680


Ray AB, Bala K (2019) Bioactive compounds and health benefits of phalsa: an underutilized fruit. Food bioactives. Apple Academic Press, Palm Bay, pp 109–128


Rodriguez MC, Yépez CV, González JH, Ortega-Toro R (2020) Effect of a multifunctional edible coating based on cassava starch on the shelf life of Andean blackberry. Heliyon 6(5):e03974


Rudra SG, Singh S, Bollinedi H, Singh KN, Nain L, Singh S, Awasthi OP (2022) Anthocyanin-rich fruit vinegar from Grewia and Cantaloupe fruit blends. Int J Food Sci Technol 57(7):4566–4574


Ruelas-Chacon X, Contreras-Esquivel JC, Montañez J, Aguilera-Carbo AF, Reyes-Vega ML, Peralta-Rodríguez RD, Sanchéz-Brambila G (2017) Guar gum as an edible coating for enhancing shelf-life and improving postharvest quality of roma tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). J Food Qual 2017:8608304. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8608304


Saha A, Tyagi S, Gupta RK, Tyagi YK (2017) Natural gums of plant origin as edible coatings for food industry applications. Crit Rev Biotechnol 37(8):959–973


Saleem MS, Anjum MA, Naz S, Ali S, Hussain S, Azam M, Ejaz S (2021) Incorporation of ascorbic acid in chitosan-based edible coating improves postharvest quality and storability of strawberry fruits. Int J Biol Macromol 189:160–169


Sinha J, Purwar S, Chauhan SK, Rai G (2015) Nutritional and medicinal potential of Grewia subinaequalis DC. (syn. G. asiatica.) phalsa. J Med Plants Res 9(19):594–612


Sowmyashree A, Sharma RR, Rudra SG, Grover M (2021) Layer-by-Layer coating of hydrocolloids and mixed plant extract reduces fruit decay and improves postharvest life of nectarine fruits during cold storage. Acta Physiol Plant 43(8):1–10


Su JF, Huang Z, Yuan XY, Wang XY, Li M (2010) Structure and properties of carboxymethyl cellulose/soy protein isolate blend edible films crosslinked by Maillard reactions. Carbohydr Polym 79:145–153


Totad MG, Sharma RR, Sethi S, Verma MK (2019) Effect of edible coatings on ‘Misty’ blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) fruits stored at low temperature. Acta Physiol Plant 41(12):1–7


Yan J, Luo Z, Ban Z, Lu H, Li D, Yang D, Li L (2019) The effect of the layer-by-layer (LBL) edible coating on strawberry quality and metabolites during storage. Postharvest Biol Technol 147:29–38

 


Acknowledgements


The authors are thankful to Post Graduate School, IARI for providing fellowship to Sindhu C. We also acknowledge the help of Director, ICAR-CIAH, Bikaner for providing facilities and material for research.


Author Information


Chinnaswamy Sindhu
Division of Food Science and Postharvest Technology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India

Rudra Shalini Gaur
Division of Food Science and Postharvest Technology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
gaurshalini@gmail.com

Reddy Vijay Rakesh
Central Institute of Arid Horticulture (CIAH), Bikaner, India


Awasthi O. P.
Division of Fruit Science and Horticulture Technology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India


Kaur Charanjit
Division of Food Science and Postharvest Technology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India