Phytoconstituents and ethnopharmacological activities of Abrus precatorius L. (Fabaceae): a review

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Review Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
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Doi: 10.1007/s42535-022-00397-0
First Page: 869
Last Page: 879
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Keywords: Abrus precatorius , Ethnopharmacological, Herbal, Plant extract, Phytoconstituents


Globally, plant-based medicines as an alternative to chemically synthesized medicines, are growing in popularity. Abrus precatorius, L., belongs to the family Fabaceae and commonly known as Gunja in Hindi, is a multipurpose ethnomedicinal plant, traditionally used as an abortifacient, contraceptive, for treating infections, stomach ailments, worm infestation, jaundice, arthritis, snake bite, cold, fever, etc. Investigations on plant extracts of A. precatorius for assessing their phytoconstituents and ethnopharmacological properties (viz. anti-inflammatry, antioxidant, anti-fertility, neuroprotective, nephroprotective, immunomodulatory, etc.) have provided the scientific basis of its traditional usage as ethnomedicines. Thus, this plant with its diverse medicinal phytochemicals is viewed as a potential bioresource for commercial production of herbal medicines. Keeping in view, the growing importance of this medicinal plant as shown by bibliometric analysis, the present review comprehensively discusses the association between its important phytoconstituents, pharmacognostic properties and the ethnopharmacological aspects. Further, the future prospects include the aspects of ethnopharmacological activities which need further investigations for application in the health sector.

                Abrus precatorius
              , Ethnopharmacological, Herbal, Plant extract, Phytoconstituents

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Author Information

Kaula Babeeta C.
Department of Botany Zakir Husain Delhi College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
Mishra Reema
Department of Botany, Gargi College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India

Department of Botany, Gargi College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
Kumar Sanjay
Department of Microbiology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, India
Mohanty Aparajita
Department of Botany, Gargi College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India