Foliar application of banana pseudostem sap based liquid organic fertilizer enhances growth, yield and quality of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.)

Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email:
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-021-00233-x
First Page: 847
Last Page: 856
Views: 1303

Keywords: Banana pseudostem sap, Foliar application, Panchagavya, Strawberry, Vermiwash


A field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of foliar application of different liquid organic fertilizers on plant growth, yield and quality of strawberry (cv. Winter Dawn). For this purpose, banana pseudostem sap based liquid organic fertilizer [Novel organic liquid fertilizer (NOLF)], vermiwash (VW) collected from a vermicompost unit of vegetable waste and panchagavya (PG) were applied at 0.5% (v/v) and 1.0% (v/v) concentration in spray solutions to the strawberry plants, 30 and 60 days after planting of uniform runners. The results indicated that foliar application of 1.0% (v/v) NOLF was found to be the superior among all other foliar treatments applied for strawberry cultivation. However, foliar application of 1.0% (v/v) NOLF improved the plant growth and fruit yield attributing parameters of strawberry over the conventional foliar application of 1.0% (v/v) VW and 1.0% (v/v) PG, respectively in a non-significant manner. The lowest quantity of misshapen (12.55%) fruits were harvested from the strawberry plants receiving foliar application of 1.0% (v/v) NOLF and resulting the highest marketable fruit yield (304.67 g plant−1 and 10,400.0 kg ha−1). This treatment also produced fruits with the highest vitamin C (94.65 mg 100 g−1) and total sugar (9.69%) content significantly over the control plants. The sensory parameters (colour, texture, flavour, overall appearance and overall acceptance) of the strawberry were also found to be superior with the foliar application of 1.0% (v/v) NOLF. However, foliar application of 1.0% (v/v) PG significantly reduced the disease infected (2.45%) fruits in strawberry. The use of 1.0% (v/v) NOLF increased the farmers’ income, 4.2% and 10.4% over the use of 1.0% (v/v) PG and1.0% (v/v) VW, respectively. The study confirmed that the sap extracted from banana pseudostem is a potential liquid fertilizer for strawberry.

Banana pseudostem sap, Foliar application, Panchagavya, Strawberry, Vermiwash

*Get Access

(*Only SPR Members can get full access. Click Here to Apply and get access)



AOAC (2004) Official methods of analysis. In: Hortwitz W (ed) Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 13th edn. North Fredrick Avenue Gaithersburg.

Asaduzzaman Md, Asao T (2018) Introductory Chapter: Potassium in quality improvement of fruits and vegetables, potassium—improvement of quality in fruits and vegetables through hydroponic nutrient management, Md Asaduzzaman and Toshiki Asao, IntechOpen, DOI:

Ashlesha, Sugha SK (2008) In vitro antifungal bioefficacy of microbes present in panchgavya against major soil borne pathogen. Plant Dis Res 23(1):68–74

Ceretta CA, Girotto E, Lourenzi CR, Trentin G, Vieira RCB, Brunetto G (2010) Nutrient transfer by runoff under no tillage in a soil treated with successive applications of pig slurry. Agric Ecosyst Environ 139:689–699

Diacono M, Persiani A, Testani E, Montemurro F, Ciaccia C (2019) Recycling agricultural wastes and by-products in organic farming: biofertilizer production, yield performance and carbon footprint analysis. Sustainability 11:3824.

Dordas CA, Lithourgidis AS, Matsi T, Barbayiannis N (2007) Application of liquid cattle manure and inorganic fertilizers affect dry matter, nitrogen accumulation, and partitioning in maize. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 80:283–296

GoI (1980) Report of the special expert committee on cost of production estimates. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi India

Gurjar TD, Patil SJ, Saravaiya SN, Barkule SR (2017) Effect of foliar application of novel organic liquid fertilizer and micronutrients on growth and leaf nutrient content of banana cv. Grand Nain. Trends Biosci 10(7):1532–1535

Hazarika TK, Ralte Z, Nautiyal BP, Shukla AC (2015) Influence of bio-fertilizers and bio-regulators on growth, yield and quality of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa). Indian J Agric Sci 85(9):1201–1205

Hou JQ, Li MX, Mao XH, Hao Y, Ding J, Liu DM, Xi BD, Liu HL (2017) Response of microbial community of organic-matter-impoverished arable soil to long-term application of soil conditioner derived from dynamic rapid fermentation of food waste. PLoS ONE 12:e0175715

Jouquand C, Chandler C, Plotto A, Goodner K (2008) A sensory and chemical analysis of fresh strawberries over harvest dates and seasons reveals factors that affect eating quality. J Amer Soc Hort Sci 133(6):859–867

Larmond E (1977) Laboratory Methods for Sensory Evaluation of Foods Research Branch, Canada Deptt. Agri. Publ.: 1637

Mahalakshmi R, Naveena ML (2016) Usage of banana pseudostem waste for the production of potassic biofertilizer using cellulolytic bacteria. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 5(8):336–349

Mehraj H, Jamal Uddin AFM (2014) Correlation pathway for phenotypic variability study in strawberry. Int J Sustain Agri Tech 10(9):5–10

Modi PM, Chavan SM, Verma PD (2021) Extent of adoption of “Novel Organic Liquid Nutrients” in fruits and vegetable crops. Agric Sci Dig 41:93–95.

Nunes M, Brecht JK, Morais AM, Sargent SA (2006) Physicochemical changes during strawberry development in the field compared with those that occur in harvested fruit during storage. J Sci Food Agric 86(2):180–190

Obi FO, Ugwuishiwu BO, Nwakaire JN (2016) Agricultural waste concept, generation, utilization and management. Niger J Technol 35(4):957–964

Padam BS, Tin HS, Chye FY, Abdullah MI (2014) Banana by-products: an under-utilized renewable food biomass with great potential. J Food Sci Technol 51:3527–3545

Paroussi G, Voyiatzis DG, Paroussis E, Drogoudi PD (2002) Growth, flowering and yield responses to GA3 of strawberry grown under different environmental conditions. Sci Hortic 96(1–4):103–113

Patel RJ, Patil SJ, Tandel BM, Ahlawat TR, Amarcholi JJ (2018) Effect of micronutrients and banana pseudostem sap at different pH levels of foliar spray solution on fruit quality of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Kesar. Int J Chem Stud 6(3):852–854

Pathak BS (2006). Long-term strategies and programmes for mechanization of agriculture in agro climatic zone–XIII: Gujarat plains and hills region. Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, 239–248

Patil SJ, Gurjar TD, Patel KA, Patel K (2017) Effect of foliar spraying of organic liquid fertilizer and micronutrients on flowering, yield-attributing characters and yield of banana (Musa paradisiaca) cv. Grand Naine. Curr Hort 5(1):49–52

Prakash S, Sarkar D (2017) Production economics of strawberry in Haryana, India. Econ Aff 62(4):697–704

Ronggao G, Wei Y, Zhihui W, Mingan L, Guolu L (2015) Study on the sugar-acid ratio and relevant metabolizing enzyme activities in Navel orange fruits from different eco-regions. Rev Bras Frutic 37(4):835–844

Salunkhe JR, Patel AM, Patil RG, Pisal RR (2013) Effect of banana pseudostem sap as liquid organic fertilizer in onion. Indian J Agric Res 47(3):258–262

Sayi DS, Mohan S, Kumar KV (2018) Molecular characterization of a proteolytic bacterium in Panchagavya: An organic fertilizer mixture. J Ayurveda Integr Med 9(2):123–125

Singh R, Gupta RK, Patil RT, Sharma RR, Asrey R, Kumar A, Jangra KK (2010) Sequential foliar application of vermicompost leachates improves marketable fruit yield and quality of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.). Sci Hortic 124:34–39

Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1967) Statistical methods, 6th edn. Oxford and IBH Publ Co, New Delhi, p 593

Tejada M, Gonzalez JL, Hernandez MT, Gracia C (2008) Agricultural use of leachates obtained from two different vermicomposting processes. Bioresour Technol 99:6228–6232

Tharmaraj K, Ganesh P, Suresh KR, Anandan A, Kolanjinathan K (2011) A critical review on panchagavya—a boon plant growth. Int J Pharma Biol Arch 2(6):1611–1614

Toonsiri P, Del Grosso SJ, Sukor A, Davis JG (2016) Greenhouse gas emissions from solid and liquid organic fertilizers applied to lettuce. J Environ Qual 45:1812–1821

Usha K, Singh B (2002) Effect of macro and micro-nutrient spray on fruit yield and quality of grape (Vitis vinifera l.) cv. Perlette. Acta Hortic 594:197–202



Author Information

Chakraborty Binayak
Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Waghai, India