Rice cultivar diversity, associated indigenous knowledge and management practices in a lowland village landscape from north-eastern India

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Research Articles | Published:

Print ISSN : 0970-4078.
Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Pub Email: contact@vegetosindia.org
Doi: 10.1007/s42535-020-00097-7
First Page: 172
Last Page: 186
Views: 937

Keywords: Farmers’ knowledge, Rice, Landrace diversity, Sustainable development


The study of the diversity of cultivated plant populations maintained by farmers is of great importance for evolutionary and conservation biology. In the present study, we assessed the landrace diversity of rice grown in a part of Manipur, India with reference to socio-economic characteristics of the households and their knowledge systems. Over the period 2009–2011 information was collected following the participatory rural appraisal methodology including transect walks, personal interviews, key informant interviews and group discussions. In all 14 cultivars were grown by the sampled households during the period and most varieties had some meaning in local language. Farmers distinguished cultivars in terms of the colour of grain/husk, stickiness of cooked grains, food quality after puffing and boiling, length of maturity period and responses to pests, pathogens, fertilizers and hydrological conditions. Relative cropped area of different cultivars varied during the study period. The local people followed a set of social customs for the management of the seed resources. None of the farmers listed any consistent trend of climate change or change in yields with time. Increasing stress on off-farm economy, lack of recognition to the socio-cultural capital in agricultural/rural development programmes and lack of specific policies providing incentive for on-farm conservation are causing depletion of agrobiodiversity.

Farmers’ knowledge, Rice, Landrace diversity, Sustainable development

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Author Information

Laishram Joylata
School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Saxena Krishna Gopal
School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Rao K. S.
Department of Botany, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India